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Sunni

  • Ramadan Debates 2012

  • Negligent of the Boundaries

  • Who chooses the Successor?

  • Kharijites and Wahabis

  • Rope of Allah

  • Canceling of the Intercession

  • More than One Mahdi

  • Excess in Monotheism

  • Abu Bakr in the Quran

  • Fatimah in Sunni Narrations

  • Imam Mahdi in Sunni Books

  • First Mahdi in Sunni Books

  • Sunan Abi Dawood on Mahdi

Outtakes and English translations from the great debate between Sheikh Nathem al-Uqaili (Shia of Ahlul Bayt) and Sheikh Khalid al-Wassabi (Wahabi) held daily during Ramadan 2012

Summary by Sheikh Alaa Al-Salem

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4


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The Wahabis too are negligent in regards to the boundaries of Monotheism

Excerpt from 'The Book of Monotheism: The Interpretation of Surah Al Tawheed' By: Imam Ahmad Al Hassan (pbuh):

Wahabis join Christians, for they are also from those whom are negligent of the boundaries of Monotheism, in another aspect from their beliefs, and the least to be said about it is that they limit Allah and divide Him, and therefore, they make Him as His Creation, Far Higher and Exalted is He. So if Christians have raised a human being, and he is Jesus (PBUH), until they [said that] he himself is Allah, Far Higher and Exalted is He, then the Wahabis have followed them in the same path, but they have made Allah (swt) in the category of the Creation, and described by the descriptions of the bodies, and limited and restricted by the the boundaries of the Worlds of Creation, Far Higher and Exalted is Allah above all that.

 

So, in reality, Christians have said about a human being that he is Allah, and Wahabis have said about Allah that He is a human being when they described Him by the descriptions of the human being. Verily, this is the old Pagan path which is almost never absent from the human society, unfortunately [1].

The Wahabi doctrine is embodied, or the least that could be said is that their belief about the Divine requires embodiment, for they have made to Allah a hand and fingers and a leg and that He sits on the throne and … etc [2].

And their Imam Ibn Taymiyya said in the book (Al’Aqida Al-Wasitiyya)(and also [what] enters with what we have mentioned about believing in Him and His Books and His Angels and His Messengers, is believing that the believers will see Him on the Day of Resurrection, [they will] see Him with their eyes with their own sights, just as they see the sun shining with no clouds in it, and just as they see the moon on the night of Badr, they will not differ about/doubt seeing Him (swt) when they are in the arena of the Day of Resurrection, they they will see Him after they enter Paradise.) [3].

Notice the speech of Ibn Taymiyya (with their eyes with their own sights), and pay attention to the fact that seeing with the eye can not be except towards a certain direction, and for that reason one of their most prominent scholars, and he is Ibn Jibreen, has clarified and declared with [full] clarity that Allah is being looked towards in a [specific] direction [4].

Thus, those people, because of their wrong interpretation to some of the allegorical words in the Divine Books, they have demeaned [themselves]/gone down to this doctrinal misguidance.

Ibn Taymiyya and the likes of him do not understand the Qur’an nor do they comprehend the speech of the Prophets (pbut) and from them is the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh & his Family), and they (the Prophets (pbut)) speak with symbols and according to the realities of the Heavenly realms in a lot of times, just as Allah talks to His servants through Heavenly Inspiration in visions (dreams) [5] and Kashf ([unveiling]), and nothing is similar to Allah (swt), and His speech is not similar to the speech of human beings, [so one can not] measure/understand Allah’s (swt) words according to the words ([and meanings]) of the human beings, nor interpret His words like how one interprets the words of human beings, like those ignorant [Wahabis] whom claim Knowledge have done. Imam Ali (pbuh) said: (… Beware of interpreting the Qur’an according to your opinion until you understand it from the scholars/knowledgeable Ones [6], for perhaps it looks similar to the speech of human beings but it is the speech of Allah, and its interpretation is not similar to the interpretation of the speech of human beings, just as no one from His creation is similar to Him, as such, nothing from the works/actions of Allah (The Blessed, The Exalted) is similar to anything from the works/actions of human beings, and nothing from His speech is similar to the speech of human beings, for the speech of Allah (The Blessed, The Exalted) is His description/attribute, and the speech of humans is their actions/works. So never make the speech of Allah similar to the speech of the Humans, [or else] you will be ruined and misguided.) [7].

So the Wahabis have been deviated towards embodying [Allah] because there was no Infallible/Guardian [of Allah whom they returned to], and because they have returned to their own understanding and to the non-working scholars in understanding the traditions and the Qur’an, and they have opposed The People of the House of Prophet-hood The Family of Muhammad (pbut) whom they were commanded to follow them and take [only] from them {Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives/kin;.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.} [Surat Al-Shura 42:23] – and Love is devotion and obedience – but they have not taken from the Family of Muhammad and have taken from those whom have opposed the Family of Muhammad.

And as such, they have gone astray, and those non-working scholars have deviated [the people] away and misguided them and made them fall into embodying [Allah], and saying that Allah has a leg and a face and a hand and that He is being looked towards with the eye while He is in a specific direction .. etc, based on their understanding of some of the verses in the Noble Qur’an; such as His, The Exalted, saying: {The Day the leg will be uncovered} [Surat Al-Qalam 68:42] and His, The Exalted, saying: {(Some) faces on that day shall be bright/radiant* Looking to their Lord} [Surat Al-Qiyamah 75:22-23]. And these are false beliefs and they are so clear in their falsehood and proving their falsehood does not require effort [8].

And what is meant from these verses is that the good noble radiant/bright faces are looking towards their discipliner, and he is Muhammad (pbuh & his Family), and as such the truth/reality of Muhammad (pbuh & his Family) and the Family of Muhammad (pbut) becomes uncovered, therefore the oppressors are not capable to prostrate and submit for they have followed Iblis (may Allah curse him) in his refusal to prostrate {The Day the leg will be uncovered and they are called to prostration but they will not be able} [Surat Al-Qalam 68:42], and His, The Exalted, saying: {The hand of Allah is over their hands} [Surat Al-Fath 48:10], and what is meant here is the servant of Allah Muhammad (pbuh & his Family), for he is Allah in Creation and he is the one whom allegiance is pledged to and his hand is over the hands of those whom pledge allegiance [to him].

And His [The Exalted] saying: {Do they await but that Allah comes to them in shades of clouds and the angels [as well] and the matter is [then] decided And to Allah [all] matters are returned} [Surat Al-Baqarah 2:210]. So the one who comes in the shades of clouds is Muhammad (pbuh & his Family) in the World of Raja’ (The world of Return) and with him shall be the People of his House (Ahlul Bayt) and some of the Prophets (pbut). And it is known that Muhammad is the one shaded with the clouds, and there were glad tidings given with this description in the Torah and The Gospels about the Messenger Muhammad and the Riser (Al-Qa’im) from the family of Muhammad [9].

As for what the Wahabi scholars of Jurisprudence and non-working scholars (or those who call themselves Salafis) say – in order to go out from the boundaries of embodiment and what accompanies it from Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating with Allah) – that Allah The Glorified has a hand and fingers [10] which are appropriate to his Beauty and Perfection and Majesty, or like they say that He comes as He wishes... etc, all that is false and apparently they do not understand the meaning of their saying, or else they would not have said it, because their saying (with the hand and the leg and coming and looking towards Him by [one's] sight and ….) is false and Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating with Allah/polytheism), whether what they intend/mean is [from a] material physical [aspect] or a spiritual [aspect] [11], or without a “how” like they say. For what they have fallen into from Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating with Allah) is not only for the reason that hand which they have confirmed is described, so they exit from the boundaries of Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating with Allah) by denying description from it by saying (without a “how”), nor because of the reason that the leg which they have confirmed is incomplete, so they exit from their Kufr and Shirk by confirming to it the descriptions/attributes of The Absolute Divine by saying (which is appropriate to His Perfection and Beauty). Rather, the reason for what they have fallen into from Shirk and Kufr is the same as their confirmation to the hand and the leg, no matter what descriptions or aspects they add to it. And that is because when they made to Him (swt) a hand and a leg, verily they have made Him compound/composed of parts, and every thing which is composed of parts is countable, and Allah, The Indivisible, is far Exalted to be composed of parts and being counted. He, The Exalted, said: {Say He is Allah The One/The Indivisible}, meaning that His Essence is Indivisible and not composed of parts for Him to have a hand and a leg, Allah is Exalted and Higher than what they associate [Him with]. And [being] counted accompanies [being] composed of parts, and it is clear and obvious in its indication towards the Shirk of he whom confirms it, because it means plurality of the Absolute Divine. Allah is far Exalted and Higher than what they oppressors say.

 

* * *

___________________________

[1] For verily, if they were not able to make idols from stones and say that they are the image of the Absolute Divine, they make idols from humans like what the Christians have done, and if they were not able to do that, they make Allah (swt) [himself] an idol, like what the Wahabis have done and even the Jews. And even though a large number of Prophets and Vicegerent have been sent among them, at the end the scholars of misguidance succeeded in deviating them away from the Divine Path, so they made them make idols out of the scholars of misguidance, starting from the innovation of Taqlid ([imitating scholars]), or the innovation that [says that] the scholars of misguidance are the inheritors of the Prophets and Vicegerents (pbut). And as a result, they have turned towards making idols out of the religious scholars and following them blindly, until [the scholars of misguidance] have placed to them corrupted beliefs and they made to people Halal (permissible) that which Allah has made Haram (forbidden), and they made Haram (forbidden) that which Allah has made Halal (permissible), and thus, [people] have worshiped [the scholars of misguidance] without Allah.

And the Shia, because of the Imams and [the fact that the Imams] were fighting distortion/corruption, some of the non-working scholars were not able to drag the religion to a straightforward paganism, however, they were able maneuver/twist [truths], so much so until they returned paganism back in another image through making idols out of the scholars of misguidance, whom have become today unfortunately an idol worshiped without Allah by the innovation of the belief of Taqlid ([imitating scholars]), so that they may make people be driven towards them like animals, without thinking or searching for the truth of that which [the scholars of misguidance] claim and issue Fatwas about and legislate and distort from the Book, and they place pagan beliefs which Allah has never sent any authority for. And the Imams (PBUT) have prohibited following any other than the Infallible, just as was prohibited by the Prophets and Vicegerents (pbut) before them, and they have clarified that TaqlId [imitating] other than the infallible is a pagan path which was taken by the scholars of misguidance in the Jewish nation in the past after the prophets (pbut), and they have prohibited their Shia from following those whom take the Jewish Pagan Corrupted path.

Al-Sadiq (pbuh) said: (Beware of Imitating (Taqlid), for whoever imitates in his religion then he has been ruined/damned. Allah (swt) says: {They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah} and by Allah, they did not pray nor did they fast for them, but they made Halal (permissible) to them that which is Haram (forbidden), and they made Haram (forbidden) that which is Halal (permissible), so [the people] imitated them in that, thus, they have worshiped them without feeling [that they are doing so]) Tashih Al’Itiqad – by Sheikh Al-Mufeed, page 73

[2] Read in Addendum number (3) some of the examples, and revise some of the Fatwas of Al-Albani, and the Fatwas of Ibn Baz and Ibn Jibreen and Ibn Uthaymayn and others than them from the Wahabi scholars. And look at what the Wahabi imams have written so that you may find their declaration about that Allah has a right hand and a left hand and fingers, Allah is far Higher and Exalted than what they say, and you shall find the clear straightforward embodiment [of Allah] and that Allah is in the Sky, and that it is correct to ask about Allah [using the word] “Where”, and that He is on the Throne. Verily they have limited/restricted Him by the boundaries of the created being, Allah The Glorified is Higher and Exalted than what they say {Certainly you have made an abominable thing * The heavens almost rupture therefrom and the earth splits open and the mountains collapse in devastation}[Surat Maryam 19:89-90]

Review the Fatwas of Al-Albani and the Fatwas of ibn Baz and Ibn Jibreen and Ibn Uthaymayn and others from the Wahabi Scholars.

[3] Ibn Taymiyya – The book of Al’Aqida Al-Wasitiyya – door (the obligation of believing in the seeing of the believer to their Lord on the Day of Resurrection, and the places of the seeing)

[4] Ibn Jibreen said in one of his comments on the book Lam’it Al-’itiqad by Ibn Qidama: (And as for the seeing in the hereafter, the Sunni scholars have proven that it is an outright seeing, that the believers see Allah – The Exalted – in Paradise and visit Him, and that He talks to them and they talk to Him …. By that we have known the doctrine of Ahlul Sunnah, so do we say that they see Him in a [specific] direction? There is no doubt that they see Him from above them, and that they see Him a real seeing, and an encountering seeing as they want, and that the proofs are clear, and among the most correct of them is the saying of Jarir for he said: (Just as you see the moon on the night of Badr) or (just as you see this moon).…. For more details read in Addendum number (3).

[5] Allah The Exalted said: {And the king said, “Indeed, I have seen [in a dream] seven fat cows being eaten by seven [that were] lean, and seven green spikes [of grain] and others [that were] dry. O eminent ones, explain to me my vision, if you should interpret visions”} [Surat Yusuf 12:43], and Yusuf (Joseph) interpreted the cows to mean years, and the weakness and fat to mean famine/drought and fertility. So these are the words of Allah, and His Preferred Ones are the most knowledgeable of them and they know what is meant from them, for the speech of Allah is not similar to the speech of the created beings, and Allah (swt) [even] in the most dangerous matter, and that is appointing the vicegerent of Ya’qoub (Jacob pbuh), He used symbols in His speech with Yusuf (Joseph) and Ya’qoub (Jacob) (pbut), He, The Exalted, said:{When Joseph said to his father, “O my father, indeed I have seen [in a dream] eleven planets and the sun and the moon; I saw them prostrating to me”} [Surat Yusuf 12:4]. So after this, could ibn Taymiyya and others than him dare to claim that they are capable of understanding the words of Allah and what is intended/meant from them?!

[6] The Knowledgeable Ones/Scholars are Muhammad and the Family of Muhammad (pbut) and the Prophets and the Vicegerents (pbut) as has been mentioned in many traditions.

[7] Al-Tawheed – Sheikh Al-Sudouq: page 246. Al-Burhan: volume 1, page 46.

[8] Since “looking” is the looking towards a limited/restricted one, and Allah is far Exalted to be limited/restricted, and as such, the hand and the leg and coming and going which all of these depend on, indicate [being] composed [of parts] and [ indicate the presence of] shortages/shortcoming and need, and that the surrounding [one] is more perfect and more rich, so the hand and the leg must be to a created being, and the one whom is being looked towards must be a created being, and the one whom comes in clouds must be a created being, and that is Muhammad (pbuh & his Family) and also Al-Qa’im ([The Riser of the Family of Muhammad pbut]) as it has been presented. And the Wahabis consider that every word that says “Lord” means The Absolute Divine and the Absolute Lord, The Glorified. So where are they from the Qur’an and all that which have been clearly mentioned in it about the word “Lord”, and I have clarified this previously in the topic of Godhood: (We find Joseph (PBUH) in the Qur’an, and he is a prophet, describing Pharaoh as being the lord of the man who pours wine {And he said to the one whom he knew would go free, “Mention me with your lord.” But Satan made him forget to mention him to his lord, so [Joseph] remained in prison for several years} [Surat Yusuf 12:42]. And also, Joseph describes The Ruler of Egypt (‘Aziz Masr), whom took upon himself the responsibility of the subsistence of Joseph and taking care of him, as “my lord”: {And she, in whose house he was, sought to seduce him. She closed the doors and said, “Come, you.” He said, “[I seek] the refuge of Allah . Indeed, he is my lord who has made good my abode. Indeed, wrongdoers will not succeed} [Surat Yusuf 12:23]. And the one who has made good his abode, in regards to the apparent and in this physical world, is The Ruler of Egypt (‘Aziz Masr) {And the man who bought him from Egypt said to his wife: Give him an honorable abode, maybe he will be useful to us, or we may adopt him as a son. And thus did We establish Yusuf in the land and that We might teach him the interpretation of sayings; and Allah is predominant over His affair, but most people do not know} [Surat Yusuf 12:21]). 

[9] You can read the texts from the Torah and the Gospels in Addendum number (4).

[10] Ibn Jibreen said: (…The fingers are in the hand, however, it is not necessary that they are like the fingers of the created being in its tips and length and so and so, rather, in it is a confirmation to the hand and in it is a confirmation to the fingers in the hand.) The saying of Ibn Jibreen ended. And you see that they did not stop at confirming that there is a right and left hand, rather, they also believe that Allah has fingers in a hand. Allah is far Exalted and Higher than what the oppressors believe. You can revise other texts in Addendum number (3).

[11] Even though their saying [that] looking to Him (swt) with [one's] sight and eyes which are in the face of the human can not be imagined [in any other way than that] it is an outright embodiment [of Allah]. And you can revise some of the sayings of the Wahabi scholars in Addendum number (3).


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The Supremacy of Allah… Is it Allah or the People whom choose the Successor?

 

The Verses which prove the supremacy of Allah on His Earth:-

1. {Say, “O Allah , Owner of Rulership, You give Rulership to whom You will and You take Rulership away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humiliate whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat ‘Āli `Imrān (Family of Imran): 26}.

This verse clearly indicates that Rulership is for Allah, and He, the Glorious, takes whom He wills as a Successor. The Almighty said: {“Indeed, I will make upon the earth a Successor”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow): 30}. So it is not upon anyone, after this Verse, that he appoints a king, or elects a king, or ruler, unless he is appointed by Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty. And this ruler ship, or divine governance/supremacy, Allah gives it to whom He Wills, and it is not necessary that the king appointed by Allah actually rules, for perhaps he was forced and was pushed away from the helm of rulership, just as what occurred all along the lines during the journey of humanity. For Abraham (pbuh) did not rule, but rather Nimrod (May Allah Curse him) ruled, and Moses (pbuh) did not rule, but rather Pharaoh (May Allah Curse him) ruled, and Hussein (pbuh) did not rule, but rather Yazid (May Allah Curse him) ruled. And for this the Almighty said: {Or do they envy people for what Allah has given them of His bounty? But we had already given the family of Abraham the Scripture and wisdom and conferred upon them a great kingdom.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat An-Nisā’ (The Women): 54}, although the family of Abraham (pbut) had [already] been given rulership, and the divine governance/supremacy all along, however, they were oppressed and defeated and pushed away from the helm of ruler ship, and it was seized by the tyrants. So it must be that the people enable/empower the Successor of Allah on His Earth to [seize] the helm of leadership, for verily if they do not do so they would waste their fortune and anger their Lord..

Al-Sadiq (pbuh) said: “… Have you seen Allah saying: {which you could not [otherwise] have grown the trees thereof?} He is saying it is not upon you that you choose an imam (leader) by yourselves, calling him truthful by your own desires and wills.” Then Imam Al-Sadiq (pbuh) said: “There are three [types of people] whom Allah shall not speak to, nor shall He look towards them on the Day of Resurrection, nor shall He purify them, and for them is a painful torment/punishment, whomever grows trees [that] Allah did not grow, meaning, whomever appoints an Imam (leader) [whom] Allah did not appoint or disbelieved in whom Allah appointed.” [Tahaq Al 3qoul, p. 325]

2. The Story of Saul: {Have you not considered the assembly of the Children of Israel after [the time of] Moses when they said to a prophet of theirs, “Send to us a king, and we will fight in the way of Allah “?} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow): 246}.

And this group of righteous believers from the Children of Israel believe in the Supremacy of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, thus they did not appoint anyone, but rather they requested from Allah that He appoint for them a king, and this is the greatest evidence/proof regarding [the fact] that the divine law in all of the divine religions recognizes that the Ruler is appointed by Allah, not by the people through elections.

3. Indeed, I will make upon the Earth a Successor (Caliph): {And when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make
upon the earth a Caliph (Successor)”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow): 30}.

It must be that the Successor of Allah is the Ruler on the Earth, and the first Successor was Adam (pbuh), and for every age there is a Successor of Allah on His Earth, and in this age the Successor of Allah is the Mahdi (pbuh). So it must be that the people enable/empower him to rule, for verily he is the appointed one from Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, not that he opposes by voting and democracy.

4. The Almighty said: {And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Mā’idah (The Table Spread): 45}. And the Almighty said: {And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the defiantly disobedient.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Mā’idah (The Table Spread): 47}.

It is evident that the Ruler faces emerging issues/problems ([new matters]) in every age, and it must be that he has insight/guidance and special knowledge from Allah, by which he would know His, the Glorious, the Almighty, ruling in regards to the emerging/new issues. So how would other than the Successor of Allah rule by what Allah has sent down, for it is confirmed that it is not appropriate for anyone that he rules by what Allah has sent down except for the Successor of Allah on His Earth.

 

As for what denounces/invalidates the Supremacy of the people and voting, they are many

 

And this is one incident for those who listen while being present in mind ([while being heedful witnesses]):

The story of Moses (pbuh) with his people: {And Moses chose from his people seventy men for Our appointment. And when the earthquake seized them, he said, “My Lord, if You had willed, You could have destroyed them before and me [as well]. Would You destroy us for what the foolish among us have done? This is not but Your trial by which You send astray whom You will and guide whom You will. You are our Protector, so forgive us and have mercy upon us; and You are the best of forgivers.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-’A`rāf (The Heights): 155}.

So here, Moses (pbuh), the infallible prophet, chose seventy men who were the best of the Children of Israel, they all disbelieved and rebelled against him and against the command of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty. So if an infallible prophet, whom was Moses (pbuh), chose seventy men for a divine task and not one of them was deserving/worthy of this task, so then how can it be that the common people choose a ruler, or king, while perhaps they choose the most evil of Allah’s creation, while they are [of it] unaware.

 

And in these evidences/proofs are enough for whoever is requesting the truth

 

And whoever wants more, then the Qur’an is between his hands, it is calling loudly in the ears of the heedless.

{And We have already written in the book [of Psalms] after the [previous] mention that the Earth shall be inherited by My righteous servants. * And We have not sent you, except as a mercy to the worlds. * Say, “It is only revealed to me that your god is but one God; so will you be Muslims [in submission to Him]?” * But if they turn away, then say, “I have announced to [all of] you equally. And I know not whether near or far is that which you are promised. * Indeed, He knows what is declared of speech, and He knows what you conceal. * And I know not; perhaps it is a trial for you and enjoyment for a time.” * He has said, “My Lord, judge [between us] in truth. And our Lord is the Most Merciful, the one Whose help is sought against that which you describe.”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-’Anbyā’ (The Prophets): 105 – 112}.

Read Ahmad Al Hassan’s (pbuh) book ‘For the Supremacy of God and Not for the Supremacy of the People’.

 

Hadith of the Saved Sect

Also – for those who reject/deny the Supremacy of Allah – they have narrations they use as evidence and they are in their books.

They say that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) said that ‘the truth is what I and my companions are upon today.’:

Abdullah ibn Amr said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: ‘My Ummah (Nation) shall face that which the Children of Israel faced step by step, even if one of them approached his mother in public there shall be in my Ummah one whom does that. And verily the Children of Israel were divided into seventy two sects and my Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one sect.’ It was said: ‘And who is it [that is the saved sect] O Messenger of Allah?’ He (pbuh) said: ‘What I and my companions are upon.’ Abu Isa said: ‘This Hadith (Tradition) is good, strange and explained, we do not know the likes of it except from this face. Sunan Tirmidhi’ 2641. The Link from the sources of Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama’a

[Narrated] from Abdullah ibn Amr, he said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: ‘My Ummah (Nation) shall face that which the Children of Israel faced, example by example, step by step, even if one of them approached his mother [sexually] in public there shall be the likes of him [that one] in my Ummah (Nation). Verily, the Children of Israel were divided into seventy one sects, and my Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one sect.’ So it was said to him: ‘Who is the one [saved sect]?’ So he (pbuh) said: ‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Mustadrak ‘Ala Al-Sahihayn, Pages 337, Hadith No. 455. The Link from the sources of Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama’a

[Narrated] from Anas ibn Malik, he said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said:‘My Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one.’ It was said: ‘And what is that group?’ He (pbuh) said:‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Mujama Al-Zawa’id wa Manba’ Al-Fawa’id, Page 189, 2 – 98 – 2, Hadith No. 899. The Link from the sources of Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama’a

[Narrated] from Anas ibn Malik, he said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said:‘This Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one.’ It was said: ‘And what is that group?’ He (pbuh) said:‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Al-Mu’jam Al-Awsat, Page 460, Hadith No. 4883. The Link from the sources of Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama’a

Tirmidhi and Al-Hakim and other than them narrated that Abdullah ibn Amr said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: ‘My Ummah (Nation) shall face that which the Children of Israel faced step by step, even if one of them approached his mother in public there shall be in my Ummah one whom does that. And verily the Children of Israel were divided into seventy two sects and my Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one sect.’ It was said: ‘And what is it [that is the saved sect] O Messenger of Allah?’ He (pbuh) said: ‘What I and my companions are upon.’ And from Al-Hakim, he said: ‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Sunin Al-Tirmidhi 5/26, Hadith No. 2641. Sharh Al Sunnah 1/213. Mushkat Al-Masabeeh 1/61, Hadith No. 171. Al-Mustadrak 1/128.

Albiqhi with his isnaad narrated from Abu Hurayra [who narrated] from the Prophet (pbuh) that he said: “The Jews were divided into seventy one or seventy two sects, and the Christians were divided into seventy one or seventy two sects, and my Ummah (Nation) shall be divided into seventy three sects.” And Haythami with his isnaad narrated from Anas ibn Malik [that] he said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: ‘My Ummah (Nation) shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one.’ It was said: ‘And what is that group?’ He (pbuh) said: ‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Al-Tibrani narrated it in Al-Sagheer.

So they consider it to be evidence for them, however, [in reality] it is evidence regarding the Supremacy of Allah. For that which the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) and his companions were upon was that he was the Successor of Allah, and his companions acknowledged/recognized him by this and believed in him. So the religion and the truth is what the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) and his companions were upon, and that is the Supremacy of Allah. Thus, this text is evidence [that] strongly condemns them.

 

And if they say how have you made [those narration] to mean the Supremacy of Allah, so we say contemplate:

 

He and his companions: What is it that he and his companions are upon? What is the matter [that is] between him and between his companions? Does he not say that he is the Messenger of Allah and his companions believe, or that he is something else? And [as for] being the Messenger of Allah: [This] means that he is the Successor of Allah on His Earth, or is the Successor of Allah in His Land is other than him?

* * *

 

The works of the brothers and sisters at Al-Mahdyoon, May Allah (swt) Shower His (swt) Blessings upon them:

http://almahdyoon.org/imam/adila/sunna/279-7akimiya


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[The Similarity] between The Kharijites of the past and The Wahabis

Excerpt from 'The Book of Monotheism: The Interpretation of Surah Al Tawheed' By: Imam Ahmad Al Hassan (pbuh): 

The basic principle for the Kharijites to go out against Ali son of Abi Talib (pbuh), rather, their exiting from Islam, is their saying: (There is no ruler-ship except for Allah), [this is a] deceiving apparent and a black interior, and no one can be deceived by it except for the ignorant Arabs whom can hardly understand speech {The Arabs of the desert are the worst in Unbelief and hypocrisy, and most fitted to be in ignorance of the command which Allah hath sent down to His Messenger: But Allah is All-knowing, All-Wise.} [Qur'an Surat Al-Tawbah 9:97].

This is what the Kharijites say: (There is no ruler-ship except for Allah). And this is a Word of Truth, for indeed Ruler-ship is for Allah.

As in regards to their apparent worship, they were from among the people who used to perform the most [number of acts of] worship, and they were among the people who used to always pray in mosques and congregations.

 

As for their fight for their faith, it is enough to know that they desperately strove /fought in Nahrawan until none [of them] survived except for a few.

Despite of all of that, they did not know, rather, they did not carry from Islam anything.

And these are two Hadiths from the Messenger of Allah about the Kharijites in the beginning of time, and in the end times (the Wahabis).

The First Hadith

From Abi Saeed Al Khidry (may Allah be pleased with him), that he said: (While we were with the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him while he was swearing an oath, then came to him Dhu- AlKhuwaysira, and he is a man from Bani Tamim, so he said:

“O Messenger of Allah! Be Just.”

So he (pbuh & his Family) said: “Woe to you, and who does Justice if I do not do justice? Indeed you would have been disappointed and lost had I not been Just”

So Umar said: “O Messenger of Allah! Give me the permission to strike his neck”

So he said: “Leave him alone, for verily, he has companions whose prayer would be an insult to your prayer if you prayed with them, and likewise for their fasting in regards to your fasting, they read the Qur’an and it does not even pass their clavicle/collarbone ([meaning Qur’an is only on their tongues and does not reach their hearts]), they go out from religion just as the arrow goes out from a prey ([meaning like when a prey gets thrown with an arrow and the arrow passes through it and gets out from the other side quickly without having anything on it]), you look at the arrowhead and you do not find on it anything, then you look at its sides and you do not find anything, then you look at its blade, [and that is the rod of the arrow where the feathers are], and you do not find anything on it, then you look at its feathers and you do not find anything on it, [and the arrow] has preceded the wastes and blood ([meaning the arrow passed quickly through the prey and went out without any blood or wastes on it]), their sign is a black man, the [upper part] of one of his arms is like the breast of a woman, or like a shaking piece of meat, and they shall come out during a time where there are separation/divisions among people”

Abu Sa’eed said: (I testify that I heard this speech from the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, and I testify that Ali son of Abi Talib has fought them and I was with him. Thus, he commanded to call this man, so the man begged/requested, so he brought him forth, until I looked towards him upon describing the Prophet, peace be upon him, by that which he described him with) [1]

The Second Hadith (Tradition) regarding the Kharijites of the End times (The Wahabis):

From Saweed son of Ghaflah, he said: Ali said: “If I spoke to you from the Messenger of Allah, then verily, I would rather fall down from the sky than to lie upon him, and if I spoke in that which is between you and between me, then [I shall say that] verily, war is a deception. I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, saying: ‘There shall come in the End Times a young people, whose dreams are foolish, they shall speak of the good which the best of people speak of (meaning they shall speak of Monotheism, because the Wahabis claim that they seek Monotheism and that they reject Associating with Allah (Polytheism/Shirk)) They come out from Islam just as the arrow comes out from a prey, their faith does not pass their throats, so wherever you meet them kill them, for verily, killing them is a reward for the one whom killed them on the Day of Resurrection” [2]

And I find it necessary to analyze what the Kharijites base [their stance/belief] on, and that is what they mean by (There is no Ruler-ship except for Allah), [and show] the extent of the similarity between [their stance/belief] and between the claimed Monotheism of the Wahabis, so that it may become clear that the Wahabis are the Kharijites of the End Times.

When Ali (pbuh) heard the saying of the Kharijites that “There is no Ruler-ship except for Allah”, he said: ([Their saying] is a word of Truth by which [they] bring forth falsehood, for yes it is true that there is no ruler-ship except for Allah. But those people say that there is no authority except for Allah, and verily, there must be for people either a pious/virtuous leader or a wicked leader, The believer performs [good deeds] under his rule while the disbeliever enjoys [worldly benefits] under his rule. Allah carries everything to an end during his ruler-ship. Through [the ruler] tax is collected, enemy is fought, roadways are secured, and [the right] of the weak is taken from the strong. Till the good one (the pious/the virtuous) finds peace and becomes protected from the bad one (the wicked))

And in another tradition it is stated that when Ali (pbuh) heard their judgement/stance, he said: “I am waiting for the rule of Allah in regards to you” Then he said: “As for the good authority, the pious person performs [good works] under it. As for the bad authority, the evil-doer enjoys [worldly benefit] under it, untill his time is over and death overtakes him” [3]

Veriy, the meaning of this slogan (There is no Ruler-ship except for Allah) is: the Supremacy of Allah, meaning, that whomever raises this slogan must not accept except the Supremacy of Allah, which is represented by the Divine Law and the Ruler whom is appointed by Allah. Therefore, the one whom raises this slogan is supposed to demand that the Divine Law becomes implemented and enabling/empowering the appointed Ruler by Allah.

This is the meaning of this word ‘There is no ruler-ship except for Allah’, and this is supposed to be the purpose/demand for whomever is raising this as a slogan. But the Kharijites came with this Word to violate the Supremacy of Allah, for they indeed raised it against the face of Ali specifically (pbuh), and he is the Successor of Allah and the appointed Vicegerent from Allah. They, according to the apparent of their speech, do not reject Allah, they only reject Ali (pbuh). However, if we look closely and ponder over their stance we shall find that their stance is exactly the same as that of Iblis whom did not refuse to prostrate to Allah, rather, he was the Peacock Angel for the abundance of his worship, but he only refused to prostrate to Adam (pbuh) the Successor of Allah.

And the response of Imam Ali (pbuh), in violating/refuting their purpose, is the present reality, because with the presence of a human society (People), there must be a Law and a Ruler who implement the Law in order to regulate the life of this society. So, if the Divine Law and the Ruler (the virtuous/righteous, the pious) whom was appointed by Allah were rejected, it shall be inevitable that there comes the law which was put and written by man, and the Tyrant Oppressor Ruler (the Wicked), because reality is never free from either of them. He (pbuh) said: (And verily, there must be for people either a pious/virtuous leader or a wicked leader).

Now I only request that we analyze the three stances:

Iblis (May Allah Curse him): Refused to prostrate to Adam, (refused that Adam be “The Successor of Allah” and the mediator between him and between Allah.)

The Kharijites: Refused that the Ruler becomes a human being whom is appointed by Allah, for they said, “There is no ruler-ship except for Allah” and they said that they do not desire any authority except for that of Allah (Meaning, that they refused that a human being becomes “The Successor of Allah” and a mediator between them and between Allah.) And they claim by this Monotheism and rejection of Shirk (polytheism/associating with Allah)!!

The Wahabis: They refuse to accept that a human being could be the “The Successor of Allah” a mediator between them and between Allah, and they claim by this Monotheism and rejection of Shirk (associating with Allah/polytheism) also!!!!

What is the difference between the three stances??!!

If we looked accurately into the three stances we would find that the similarity between the stance of the Kharijites and between the stance of Iblis might need the clarification which has been presented earlier, but as in regards to the similarity between the stance of the Wahabis and between the stance of Iblis, then I do not think [that it needs any clarification], for their stance (their belief) is an exact image of the stance of Iblis, then where would a place for clarification be if we wanted it? (meaning it is already clear and does not need any clarification).

___________________________

[1] Sahih Al-Bukhari – Al-Bukhari: volume 4, page 179.

[2] Sahih Al-Bukhari – Al-Bukhari: volume 4, page 179.


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Hold Firmly to the Rope of Allah

Allamah Jalaluddin Suyuti in his commentary of the verse {And hold firmly to the rope of Allah}  records the following Hadith:

“I am leaving among you two khalifas, the Qur’an and my Ahlul’bayt, they will never become separate until they meet me at the pool .” 

 Tafsir Durre Manthur, Volume 2 page 107, printed in Beirut, Lebanon

This narration has also been recorded by Mufti Ghulam Rasool in Jawahir al Uloom page 100 from Sawaiqh al Muhirqa page 149, Ibn Hajr records this from Imam Sadiq (pbuh):

We are the rope of Allah, about whom Allah (swt) had said: {…and hold firmly to the rope of Allah}

 Jawahir al Uloom, page 100

The Ahl’ul bayt (pbut) are the Rope of Allah they are the means of guidance and Imam ‘Ali (pbuh) is at the helm of the group, he was most competent to lead the Ummah which is why the Prophet of Allah (pbuh & his family) declared his Wilayah (Mastership) at Ghadir Khumm. The Rope of Allah acts as a means of preventing division, as Allah (swt) says: {hold fast to the Rope of Allah and do not become divided amongst yourselves}.

The Prophet of Allah (pbuh & his family) said:

"Shortly after me, discord and hatred will arise among you, when such a situation arises, go and search out Ali because he can separate the truth from falsehood." 

Kanzul Ummal, by Ali Muttaqi al Hind, Volume 2 page 612 (Published in Multan)

“O ‘Ali! You will openly convey to the Ummah those matters that will cause differences after me.” 

 al Mustadrak, Voulme 3 page 122

And from Yanabi al Mawaddat pages 503-504 by Shaykh Suleman Qandozi al-Hanafi narrates traditions which he copied from Mawaddatul Qurba:

Jabir Ibn Abdullah – The Prophet (pbuh & his family) said: ‘I am the Chief of Prophets, ‘Ali is the Chief of inheritors. Verily the Saints after me are twelve, the first is ‘Ali, the last is al Qaim Mahdi.

‘Ali – The Prophet (pbuh & his family) said: ‘This world cannot end until someone from my Ummah, from the lineage of Hussain stands up, who will fill the earth with justice when it was previously replete with injustice.’

Salman al Farsi (r) narrates: ‘One day I appeared before the Prophet (s). I witnessed Hussain in his lap, the Prophet (s) kissed his cheeks and lips and said ‘You are the Chief, the son of a Chief, the brother of a Chief, You are an Imam, the son of an Imam, the brother of an Imam. You are a Proof of Allah, the son of a Proof of Allah, the brother of a Proof of Allah and the father of nine Proofs of Allah (swt), the ninth will be called Mahdi his title is Qaym.

Ibn Abbas (r) – The Prophet said: ‘I, ‘Ali, Hasan, Hussain and the nine sons of Hussain are pure and infallible.’

‘Ali (pbuh) – The Prophet (pbuh & his family) said: Whoever wants to board the boat of salvation, and take the firm handle, and grasp the firm Rope of Allah (swt) should love ‘Ali and be an enemy to his enemies, and from the lineage of ‘Ali he should follow the Imams of Guidance. Verily these are my Khalifas, and the Proofs of Allah (swt) after me. These are the Chieftains of my Ummah and the Leaders of the Pious entering Paradise. This group is my group and my group is the group of Allah (swt). Their enemies group is the group of Shaythan.

 YaNabi al Mawaddat pages 503-504

Peace be upon you and the Mercy of Allah and His Blessings,


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Monotheism of the Wahabis And the cancelling of the mediation and the intercession of the Prophets and the Vicegerents

Excerpt from 'The Book of Monotheism: The Interpretation of Surah Al Tawheed' By: Imam Ahmad Al Hassan (pbuh): 

The Almighty said: {Indeed, those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers and wish to separate between Allah and His messengers and say, “We believe in some and disbelieve in others,” and wish to adopt a way in between – * Those are the disbelievers, truly. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat An-Nisā’ (The Women): 150 & 151}.

Indeed, the issue of the cancelling of the role and the status of the Prophets and the Vicegerents is not new, rather, it began with the first Prophet whom was created by Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, and he was Adam (pbuh), for Iblis (May Allah Curse him) denied and refused and disbelieved in the role of Adam (pbuh) and refused to prostrate to Adam and did not accept that Adam (pbuh) becomes his Qiblah (direction of Worship) towards Allah.

Iblis did not disbelieve in Allah nor did he refuse to worship Allah, however, he refused to prostrate to Adam, he refused to admit the preference of Adam and that he was the Qiblah (direction of Worship) and the intercessor and the mediator/means/intermediary to Allah. And perhaps it is correct that we say that Iblis reached the Monotheism of the Wahabis before they did, and perhaps [it is more correct to say that] he infected them with his disease and provoked them with his call, so he found them to be the best of responders and the most preferred of those whom followed in his footsteps regarding the denial of the Guardians/Most Preferred Ones of Allah (pbut).

And already Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, made the case of Iblis clear in the Qur’an with the clearest statement, and if a reasonable sane person ponders over the Qur’an he shall not find any difference between him (Iblis) and between the Wahabis, rather, not only do the Wahabis deny the ranks of the Prophets and the Vicegerents (pbut) and their intercession and them (pbut) being the Qiblah (direction of Worship) of Allah; {And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord. Then will you take him and his descendants as allies other than Me while they are enemies to you? Wretched it is for the wrongdoers as an exchange.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Kahf (The Cave): 50}, they even surpassed Iblis in his disbelief and his denial of the Hujjajj (Proofs) of Allah, for they demolished the Pure, Sacred Holy spots of the Hujjajj (Proofs) of Allah, the Family of Muhammad (pbut), and they are places of Mercy and Blessings of Allah (swt) thus, their envy/malice and their hatred for the Family of Muhammad (pbut) became clear, and the extent of the similarities between the Wahabis and Iblis became clear. Said the Almighty: {Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Ash-Shūraá (The Consultation): 23}.

So how clear is their malice towards the Family of Muhammad (pbut) by the destruction of their graves! And how far are they from the love [towards the Family of Muhammad pbut] that Allah has commanded the Muslims with, and His, the Almighty, saying: {And [mention] when We said to the angles, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He said, “Should I prostrate to one You created from clay?”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-’Isrā’ (The Night Journey): 61}, would be sufficient in clarifying their following [in the footsteps] of Iblis in disbelieving in the Guardians of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty.

For Iblis (May Allah Curse him) was not satisfied that his intercessor to Allah, and his mediator between him and between Allah, and his Qiblah (direction of Worship) towards Allah, be the Prophet of Allah Adam (pbuh). And those misguided misguiding followers of Iblis in denying the Guardians of Allah, do not accept the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh & his family) to be their intercessor to Allah, and the mediator between them and Allah, and their Qiblah (direction of Worship) towards Allah, but rather, nor do they even accept that the Mercy and Blessings of Allah descend upon the one whom visits the graves/mausoleums of the Family of Muhammad (pbut), whom Allah has asked the Muslims to love in the Noble Qur’an {And Iblees had already confirmed through them his assumption, so they followed him, except for a party of believers.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Saba’ (Sheba): 20}.

And it is upon every reasonable/sane person to contemplate: Is there [anything] more evident and clearer than the following of the Wahabis to Iblis in disbelief and denial of the role of the Hujjah (Proof) of Allah and His Successor from the Prophets and the Vicegerents? And they use false reasons to cover up their hatred towards the Hujjah (Proofs) of Allah and His Successors in His Earth with very weak reasons:

- That the belief of intercession by a Creation, between the hands of Allah, is Shirk.

- That the belief that a Creation fulfills needs, by the permission of Allah, is Shirk.

And in short: They believe that the belief of the presence of a mediator between the worshiper and the Worshiped is Shirk (associating something with Allah), and they deny this belief and they refuse to work by it. And I can imagine that if they had reviewed the stance of Iblis regarding Adam, they would not have found it to be different, not even [different by] the size of a fingertip, from their stance in regards to denying the mediator and the Qiblah (direction of Worship) to Allah, the Glorious, {And [mention] when We said to the angles, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He said, “Should I prostrate to one You created from clay?”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-’Isrā’ (The Night Journey): 61}, {And Iblees had already confirmed through them his assumption, so they followed him, except for a party of believers.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Saba’ (Sheba): 20}.

And these are a few more points for clarification and to lift confusions from the confused one whom is requesting the truth, and perhaps they pay attention to the fact that [when] Allah first [created creation to worship Him] He made [this worship to be by] prostrating to His Successor (Caliph) and the mediator between Him and between them, and perhaps they do not refuse prostration and admit the role of the Successor of Allah in His Earth as being the Mediator to Allah, and an Intercessor between the hands of Allah, by his truth which does not die or perish by his physical death or his cessation to exist. Thus, as long as their truth remains then their intercession and their mediation remain. And that perhaps, they leave following Iblis in denying the mediation and in denying the Mediator (the Successor of Allah).

And relying upon Allah I say:

1 – Turning towards doctors and using medicine does not represent Association with Allah (Shirk), and they will not benefit people if Allah did not will so and if He did not grant the ability to the doctor and the medicine to benefit people. As well as the case if the matter was in regards to the Souls, but the doctor this time is the Souls of the Prophets and the perfecting medicine which they overflow upon those whom take them as their leaders. So turning towards them is not Association with Allah (Shirk), for they do not benefit people except by the permission of Allah. Also turning away from them is extreme ignorance and disbelief, for they are the cause of the healing of the Souls and Allah has made this rank for them when He made them His Successors whom He faces with the rest of His creation in His Earth, and it is not for anyone that they take it (their rank) away, and whomever objects becomes just as Iblis whom refused to prostrate to the first of them (Adam (pbuh)).

2 – And also they do not benefit anything if Allah did not will so, just as the doctors and the medicine, so [one] must turn towards Allah with supplications in order that the doctor and the medicine be able to benefit the sick, and in order for the sick to benefit from them, for they do not benefit nor do they intercede except by the Permission of Allah and His Will.

3 – Whomever turns towards the doctors of the Souls, the Prophets and the Vicegerents, and leaves turning towards Allah with supplications and believes that they (the prophets and vicegerents) will benefit him without his [need to] turn towards Allah and without the Permission of Allah, verily he has fallen into Shirk and became a Mushrik (polytheist), and they will not be able to benefit him with anything, nor will he benefit from them by anything, {That Day, no intercession will benefit except [that of] one to whom the Most Merciful has given permission and has accepted his word.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Ţāhā (Ta-Ha): 109}.

{And intercession does not benefit with Him except for one whom He permits. [And those wait] until, when terror is removed from their hearts, they will say [to one another], “What has your Lord said?” They will say, “The truth.” And He is the Most High, the Grand.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Saba’ (Sheba): 23}.

4 – And Whomever turns away from them and claims that he is turning towards Allah directly in order that he may not be a Mushrik (polytheist), thus, in reality, his stance becomes the exact stance as the position of Iblis, and there is not an inch of difference between them. For he is a disbeliever in their rank which Allah has made for them, and he is a disbeliever in the Command of Allah and this person is expelled from the Mercy of Allah. and His worship is just as the worship of Iblis (May Allah Curse him).

Said Al Sadiq (pbuh): “… So Ibliss was the first to use Qiyas (analogy/analogical comparison) and he became arrogant. And Arrogance was the first [form of] disobedience which he disobeyed Allah with, he (pbuh) said: ‘For Iblis said: “O Lord! Excuse me from prostrating to Adam, and I shall worship you a worship that neither a close Angel nor a Prophet has ever worshipped you with. So Allah said: “I have no need in your worship, but rather, I desire that I be worshipped according to that which I desire and not according to that which you desire.” So he refused to prostrate, so Allah, the Blessed, the High, said: “Go out of it, for verily, you are damned/evil, and upon you is My Wrath/Curse till the Day of Judgment…” [1]

5 – Then whomever understands what I have clarified in more than one Book and through [what is present in] the Noble Qur’an regarding the Kingdoms of Heaven, he shall know that the [fact that] these Guardians and Prophets and Vicegerents (PBUT) are Mediators between the Worshiped and the worshippers is a compelling and inevitable matter, and it is not a matter of choice to the servants/worshippers, since the rank and the degree of these guardians is above the servants, and thus, it must be that the worshippers pass by them (pbut) in order to reach the Worshiped.

______________________________

[1] Bihar Al Anwar: V. 11, P. 141


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More Than One Mahdi According to Sunni Ahadith

 

Ibn AlMunada in the Book of Daniel: "Sufyanis are three, the Mahdis are three, the first Sufyani will emerge, and if he emerges him being mentioned becomes popular, the first Mahdi emerges, and then the second Sufyani, and then the second Mahdi emerges, and then the third Sufyani will emerge, and then the third Mahdi will emerge, and so Allah will make better everything that was ruined before, and he will be rescuing the people of faith, and will make alive the Sunna, and extinguish the fire of innovation."

- [Alarf AlWardi Syooti p.1/149 hadeeth#250]


Narrated from Hadab son of Khaled AlAzdi [who] narrated from Hamad son of Salma [who narrated] from Samak son of Harb who said: "I heard Jaber son of Samra say: 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) saying: "Islam will remain at glory until 12 caliphates," and then he said a word I did not understand. So I said to my father: "What did he say?" He said: "All of them are from Quraish."

- [Saheeh Muslim v.3 p.1453]

Narrated from from Muhammad son of Abeed [who] narrated from Abu Usama [who narrated] from Za'eda [who narrated] from Samak [who narrated] from Sa'eed son of Jabeer [who narrated] from Ibn Abbas, he used to hear them say: "There will be 12 caliphates in this nation!" He said: "How foolish are you? After the 12 are three, from us is the Safah, Mansoor and the Mahdi."

Abu Usama said: "This interpretation with us means that the son of the Mahdi is after him until the emergence of the Dajjal."

- [Uyoon AlAkhbar for Ibn Qutayba p.302]

Umdat AlQaree Sharh Saheeh AlBukhari Author: Bader AlDeen AlAyni AlHanafi said: "It is possible in that there will be 12 after the Mahdi that will emerge in the end times..." until he says: "And then after him his son will rule, and so with that there will be 12 kings, each one of them is an Imam Mahdi.

And from Ka'ab AlAhbar: "There will be 12 Mahdis and then the Spirit of Allah will descend and kill the Dajjal."

Tafseer Abi Hatem from Ka'ab AlAhbar he said: "They are 12, and when they all pass away, there will be 12 similar to them replacing them, and that is a promise from Allah to this nation." And he read: "Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them. And that is the work of Bani Isra'el."

- [14769-In Tafseer son of Abi Hatem hadeeth#13730]

- [2628 v.8 Ibn Abi Hatem AlRazi] 

Fateh AlBari Sharh Saheeh AlBukhari for Ibn Hajar 20/266 #6682 From a long passage he said: Abu AlHussein son of AlMunadi: On the part where he collected about the Mahdi, it possible in the meaning of the hadeeth "There will be 12 caliphates" that this will happen after the Mahdi who will emerge in the end times, for I found in the book of Daniel, when the Mahdi dies, there will be 5 men ruling from the son of the oldest grandson, and then 5 from the son of the younger grandson, and then the last one will pass his leadership from the son of the oldest grandson, and then his son will rule, and12 kings will reign,each one of them is an Imam Mahdi.

Ibn AlMunadi said, and in the narration of Abi Saleh from Ib Abbas. The Mahdi's name is Muhammad son of Abdullah and he is a man whose beard is dyed in red, the nation will be relieved by him from all the depressions, and his justice will eliminate all the unjustice, and then after him will be 12 men.

Fitan Ibn Hamad who is Sheikh AlBukhari (1/395) hadeeth#1186 narrated from Rashdeen from Ibn Lahee'a from Abi Qabeel from Abdullah son of Umro he said: "After the Mahdi that will take the people of Yemen to their cities, it is then the Mansoor, and then after him the Mahdi that will open the city of Rome by his hand."

It was said by Abu AlHussein Bani AlMunada: "It is possible by the meaning of the hadeeth in that there will be 12 Caliphates after the Mahdi that will emerge in the end times, for I found in the book of Daniel that if the Mahdi dies, 5 men will rule from the oldesgt grandson and 5 from the younger grandson and then he will give successorship to the last one for the caliphate, a man from the son of the older grandson, so then he will rule after him a son and then 12 kings will rule each one of them is an Imam Mahdi."

- [Fateh Al Bari Sharh Saheeh AlBukhari v.13 p.181]

Book of Fitan of Ibn Hamad AlMaroozi and he is the Sheikh of Bukhari: 223 narrated from AlHakam son of Nafe' [who narrated] from Jarah from Arta'a: "The Sufyani will kill all of those who disobeyed him and will cut them with saws, and cook them in pots, for 6 months, and so then he will meet up with the two easts and two wests with the number of caliphates after the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) for the nation."

(In this case the number of caliphates which are 12)


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Excessiveness in the boundaries of Monotheism (Wahabis)

Excerpt from 'The Book of Monotheism: The Interpretation of Surah Al Tawheed' By: Imam Ahmad Al Hassan (pbuh):

Firstly: Excessiveness in the boundaries of Monotheism

And let us take the example of the Wahhabi doctrine or those who have named themselves Salafi, those consider the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh & his family) as merely a conveyor of the Words of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty. As for the soul of Muhammad (pbuh & his family) and his reality/truth; [they believe that his soul and his truth/reality) do not harm nor benefit during his life in this worldly life, or after he moved to the Higher Assembly (Kingdoms of Heaven). And the belief that he does harm or benefit or intercede or know or… or… with them this is outright Shirk [association with Allah] and regression from Islam (apostasy), until this matter has led them towards ignorances with which they have violated the provisions and the requirements of Islam and the Qur’an. Thus, they have made Halal (permissible) the killing of he whom says 'La Illaha Illa Allah Muhammad Rasoul Allah (There is no God Except for Allah [and] Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)', merely because of his belief that the Soul of the Messenger (pbuh & his family) [has the ability] to harm or benefit or intercede or… or… after he has moved from this Worldly Life, by the Permission of Allah, and by Allah’s, the Glorious, the Almighty, Ability/Power and Strength, even though the Dhimmi (one of the people of Dhimma, or non-Muslim (Christian or Jew) subject of a Muslim state) whose religion is Christianity or Judaism and lives in a Muslim Country, and maintains the conditions of Dhimma, it is not permissible to kill him, and his blood is respected with all Muslims, but rather with them as well.

And the truth which is overlooked by them is that the benefit and the harm and the intercession and the ability to affect in this Worldly life, in general , is related to Life and the permission of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty. And since Life is absolutely confirmed [to be constant] for the Prophets and the Vicegerents and the Messengers (pbut); for verily, they are the Masters of the Martyrs upon the Creation and they are from among those whom were killed in the way of Allah. Said the Almighty: {And never think of those who have been killed in the cause of Allah as dead. Rather, they are alive with their Lord, receiving sustenance,} {The Holy Qur’an Surat ‘Āli `Imrān (Family of Imran): 169}.

And whoever says that they are not alive with their Lord receiving sustenance, this means that he is accusing the Prophets and the Vicegerents, because [how can he say that the prophets and vicegerents are not alive with their Lord?] when he admits that the one whom is killed under their banner is alive with his Lord, and they (pbut) are the Leaders and the Owners of the Banner?!

So life for the Prophets and the Vicegerents is constant with their Lord, and therefore, the Ability is constant, for verily, the effect of the Soul which shines with the Light of its Lord upon this Physical World is very little, because it is from a World dominant over this World, therefore, what only remains is the permission from Allah for them to affect, and Allah, the Glorious, said: {And they say, “The Most Merciful has taken a son.” Exalted is He! Rather, they are [but] honored servants. * They cannot precede Him in word, and they act by His command. * He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they cannot intercede except on behalf of one whom He approves. And they, from fear of Him, are apprehensive. * And whoever of them should say, “Indeed, I am a god besides Him”- that one We would recompense with Hell. Thus do We recompense the wrongdoers.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-’Anbyā’ (The Prophets): 26 – 29}.

Thus, they are alive and are capable by the ability of Allah and by what was placed by Allah within them from Abilities, and they work by the permission of Allah and by the Command of Allah, rather, Allah has commanded us that we take them as a means of access. {Those whom they call upon do desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord, – even those who are nearest: they hope for His Mercy and fear His Wrath: for the Wrath of thy Lord is something to take heed of.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-’Isrā’ (The Night Journey): 57}.

Rather, we also ask of them that they may become our intercessors to Allah in order that He may forgive our sins {And We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed by permission of Allah . And if, when they wronged themselves, they had come to you, [O Muhammad], and asked forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Accepting of repentance and Intensely Merciful.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Nisaa’ (The Women): 64}.

As for the one who limits their [ability to] affect and their capabilities to their physical existence in this Worldly Life, thus, he is ignorant of the truth of the matter, and is not taking heed to [the fact] that they are alive with their Lord, and Allah uses them and they are workers with Allah and for them are tasks and works which they carry out. Just as Jibra’el (Gabriel) (pbuh), the Angel, and the alive [one] with his Lord, has for him tasks and works which he carries out, with the permission of Allah.

So, it is incorrect to accuse the one whom believes that Muhammad (pbuh & his family) harms and benefits by the permission of Allah, after his death and after he moved to his Lord (because he is alive with his Lord) to be a Mushrik (polytheist), for Jibra’el (Gabriel) (pbuh), the Angel and the alive [one] with his Lord and he is a Spirit and not a physical body in this World, [has the ability to] harm and benefit and he worked and is working and will continue to carry out works by the permission of Allah.

Then they claimed that what they want by denying the mediation or the intercession is pure Monotheism, while they have fallen into the most despicable type of Shirk and Kufr (Polytheism and Disbelief) by their beliefs which Allah has not sent down any authority for, rather, Qur’an negates it and invalidates it.

So they claim that they do not want that they make between them and between Allah a mediator and an intercessor, and that the one whom makes between him and between Allah an intermediary is a Polytheist (Mushrik) and a Disbeliever (Kafir), and they have neglected [to realize] that this is the exact stance of Iblis (May Allah Curse him) whom rejected the Command of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, to make Adam (pbuh) an intermediary and an intercessor for him between the hands of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, for Iblis (May Allah Curse him) used to worship Allah, rather, he was the Peacock Angel for the abundance of his worships, and he did not reject worshipping Allah. However, he rejected to prostrate to Adam and rejected that Adam becomes his Qiblah (direction of worship) towards Allah, and by this Iblis (May Allah Curse him) refused that Adam (pbuh) becomes his intermediary to Allah and his intercessor between the hands of Allah.

And this is the stance of these ignorant [ones] today, for it is exactly the previous stance of Iblis, they do not understand anything from the Religion of Monotheism. And they renounced/went out from the Religion just as the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) had informed about them, and they do not understand from the Religion even the most apparent of it. If only they would pay attention to themselves and read the stories of the Prophets and the Messengers, and read the Qur’an and contemplate over it, however, they are far from this after all what has been done, for they do not know except the World of the Bodies and want to pour all of the Knowledge through their limited knowing, even though, Allah has not looked towards the World of the bodies since He created it, just as the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) said, and they separate the world of the Souls from the world of the bodies a complete separation as if it has nothing to do with it. Therefore, with them, no Soul has any effect or benefit or harm or intercession, even the Souls of the Prophets and the Vicegerents. And if they had pondered over the Book of Allah they would have distinguished between Jesus’s (pbuh) sending peace upon himself, and Allah’s sending peace upon Yahya (pbuh). For this is the condition of Jesus (pbuh): {“So peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again)”!} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Maryam (Mary): 33}, and this is the condition of Yahya (pbuh): {So Peace on him the day he was born, the day that he dies, and the day that he will be raised up to life (again)!} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Maryam (Mary): 15}. Even though, Jesus (pbuh) is of a higher rank than Yahya (pbuh).

Therefore, if they had contemplated over theses Verses they would have known that Jesus (pbuh) reached by rising [to a rank that] he became the one whom sends peace and gives security/safety to himself and to other than him, for, he is an intercessor whose intercession is accepted by a Higher Rank in this World and the Hereafter, while Yahya (pbuh) had peace sent upon him by Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty. So Jesus (pbuh), with these ignorant [ones], does not harm nor benefits, while Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, made him send peace upon himself and give security/safety to himself so he became Peace and Safety, whereas, the One Whom gives safety and sends peace originally is Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, the Peace, and the Securer.

So Jesus (pbuh) sends peace and gives security/safety, for the matter is delegated to Jesus (pbuh), otherwise, how is it for him that he decides for an individual that he is safe/secure and blessed in the presence of Allah, if the matter was not delegated to him. And the reason for this delegation is: that Jesus (pbuh) is the Manifestation of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, in a Rank qualifying him for this, so Jesus (pbuh) is the rise of Allah, “… And your rise on Seir, and your appearance on Mt. Faran…” [1]

 

* * *

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[1] Du’a Al Sama’a


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Abu Bakr Mentioned in the Quran

Question 530: In the Name of Allah, The Merciful, The Intensely Merciful,

All praise be to Allah, Lord of The Worlds. May Allah send His Peace and Blessings upon the most honorable creation, Muhammad, and his purified Family, The Imams and The Mahdis.

My master and leader, The Qaim (Riser) of The Family of Muhammad, and their Yamani, Peace be upon you and your Family, and The Mercy of Allah and His Blessings.

I beg your pardon my master, what is the meaning of His, The Exalted, saying:{he being the second of the two, when they were both in the cave, when he said to his companion: Grieve not, surely Allah is with us} [Surat Al-Tawbah 9:40]? And is it true that ibn Abu Quhafa (Abu Bakr) was with The Noble Prophet pbuhap in the cave?

May Allah reward you with the best of the rewards on behalf of the Family of Muhammad. And I hope you excuse us for our shortcomings in regards to Allah, and ask Allah that He may make our footsteps firm and forgive our sins. Verily, He is All-Capable over all things.

And all praise be to Allah Who has guided us to this, and we would not have been guided had it not been for Allah guiding us. And Peace be upon you and The Mercy of Allah and His Blessings.

The sender: Heidar Al-Musawy, Iraq

 

Answer: In the Name of Allah, The Merciful, The Intensely Merciful,

All praise be to Allah, Lord of The Worlds. May Allah send His Peace and Blessings upon Muhammad and the Family of Muhammad, The Imams and The Mahdis.

{If you will not support him, Allah has certainly supported him when those who disbelieved expelled him, he being the second of the two, when they were both in the cave, when he said to his companion: Grieve not, surely Allah is with us. So Allah sent down His tranquility upon him and [He] strengthened him with soldiers that you did not see, and made lowest the word of those who disbelieved; and the word of Allah, that is the highest; and Allah is Mighty, Wise} [Surat Al-Tawbah 9:40]

This verse does not have praise to the one who accompanied The Prophet pbuhap in the cave, rather, it has a clear insult/disapproval of the one who accompanied The Prophet pbuhap, for Tranquility in this incident was sent down upon The Messenger only {So Allah sent down His tranquility upon him}. And the Angels, the soldiers of Allah, were sent down to support The Messenger only {and [He] strengthened him with soldiers that you did not see}. This means the exiting of the one who accompanied The Messenger from the loop of Faith; because Tranquility had indeed been sent down upon some of the Muslims, or Believers, in some other places/incidents where a lot of the Muslims were with The Messenger pbuhap, and The Messenger pbuhap was not specified by it alone [in those incident]. And as such we have come to know that no one in the cave was worthy of being strengthened/supported with Tranquility and Soldiers except for The Messenger pbuhap.

And the following are Qur’anic texts which clarify to you how Tranquility used to come down upon The Messenger and upon the believers with him, and how the Soldiers come down to support The Messenger and the believers with him, and [that it] was not specified to The Messenger pbuhap [alone].

{Then Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His Messenger and upon the believers and sent down soldiers whom you did not see and punished those who disbelieved. And that is the recompense of the disbelievers} [Surat Al-Tawbah 9:26]

{When those who disbelieve had set up in their hearts zealotry, the zealotry of the Age of Ignorance, then Allah sent down His tranquility upon His messenger and upon the believers and imposed on them the word of piety, for they were well entitled to it and worthy of it. And Allah is Aware of all things} [Surat Al Fath 48:26]

Contemplate very well over this matter: In those positions where there were believers with The Messenger pbuhap, and they were some of those who were with him (some of those who were with him and not all of them), Tranquility was sent down upon them; because they deserved it.

So if the one in the cave was a believer, Tranquility would have been sent down upon him like it was sent down in other places upon the believers with The Messenger of Allah.

As for those who believe that the words of The Messenger [which he said] to his companion {Grieve not, surely Allah is with us} to be a praise to [this companion], then this is crossing [the limits], because look at His, The Exalted, saying: {Have you not seen that Allah knows what is in the Heavens and what is on the Earth? There is no Najwa (secret counsel) of three, but He is their fourth, nor of five but He is their sixth, and no less than that and no more except that He is with them wheresoever they may be; and afterwards on the Day of Resurrection, He will inform them of what they did. Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of everything} [Surat Al-Mujadilah 58:7].

And this shows to you that Allah is with everyone, whether they pay attention or not, {and no less than that and no more except that He is with them}, and this is a confirmed/constant reality which the certain believers know. Thus, it is clear that the person in the cave was forgetful/negligent, and that is why the Messenger reminded him of this reality, perhaps he might realize it. But the rest of the verse shows that he did not realize it, and he did not pay attention out of his forgetfulness/negligence. And for that reason, Tranquility was not sent down upon him, rather, it was sent down on The Messenger only. Also, The Messenger was specified with [having] the soldiers supporting him only, in an obvious clarification that there was not any believer in the cave except him pbuhap.

As for describing him as being his companion, I do not think that a sane person would consider it to be praise after all what has been presented, for The Messenger [was described as being] the companion of his people whom disbelieved in him {Do they not reflect? Their companion (Muhammad) is not seized with madness: he is but a clear warner} [Surat Al'araf 7:184].

And in another place, The Qur’an described The Kafir (the disbeliever) to be the companion of the believer who was advising him:

{And he had fruit, so he said to his companion while he was conversing with him, “I am greater than you in wealth and mightier in [numbers of] men”} [Surat Al-Kahf 18:34]

{His companion said to him while he was conversing with him, “Have you disbelieved in He who created you from dust and then from a sperm-drop and then proportioned you [as] a man?} [Surat Al-Kahf 18:36]

Therefore, in the best conditions, if this advice which took place in the cave {when he said to his companion: Grieve not, surely Allah is with us} was not like those verses which have been presented, considering that both of them were an advice to a companion and a reminder to him of Allah and an attempt to take him out of the forgetfulness/negligence which he was in, then it is not by any way a praise to the companion, let alone being a virtue of his like some people claim.

And Peace be upon you and The Mercy of Allah and His Blessings.

 

Ahmad Al-Hassan

Muharram Al-Haram/1432 Hijri


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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اللهم صل على محمد واَل محمد

 

وَقَالَ النبِي صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ:  فَاطِمَةُ سَيدَةُ نِسَاءِ أَهلِ الجَنةِ

صحيح البخاري: ر 3426

 

The Prophet of Allah (pbut) said: “Fatima is the leader of the women in Paradise.”

[NOT EVEN ADDED IN THE ENGLISH EDITION]

 

وَقَالَ النبِي صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ : فَاطِمَةُ سَيدَةُ نِسَاءِ أَهلِ الجَنةِ

[صحيح البخاري: ص 1636]

 

The Prophet of Allah (pbut) said: “Fatima is the leader of the women in Paradise.”

[NOT EVEN ADDED IN THE ENGLISH EDITION]

 

3623

حَدثَنَا أَبُو نُعَيمٍ، حَدثَنَا زَكَرِياءُ، عَن فِرَاسٍ، عَن عَامِرٍ الشعبِي، عَن [ص: 204 ] مَسرُوقٍ، عَن عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنهَا ،قَالَت: أَقبَلَت فَاطِمَةُ تَمشِي كَأَن مِشيَتَهَا مَشيُ النبِي صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ، فَقَالَ النبِي صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ: مَرحَبًا بِابنَتِي. ثُم أَجلَسَهَا عَن يَمِينِهِ، أَو عَن شِمَالِهِ، ثُم أَسَر إِلَيهَا حَدِيثًا فَبَكَت، فَقُلتُ لَهَا: لِمَ تَبكِينَ؟ ثُم أَسَر إِلَيهَا حَدِيثًا فَضَحِكَت فَقُلتُ: مَا رَأَيتُ كَاليَومِ فَرَحًا أَقرَبَ مِن حُزنٍ، فَسَأَلتُهَا عَما قَالَ: فَقَالَت: مَا كُنتُ لِأُفشِيَ سِر رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ حَتى قُبِضَ النبِي صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ، فَسَأَلتُهَا.

3624

فَقَالَت: أَسَر إِلَي: إِن جِبرِيلَ كَانَ يُعَارِضُنِي القُرآنَ كُل سَنَةٍ مَرةً، وَإِنهُ عَارَضَنِي العَامَ مَرتَينِ، وَلاَ أُرَاهُ إِلا حَضَرَ أَجَلِي، وَإِنكِ أَولُ أَهلِ بَيتِي لَحَاقًا بِي. فَبَكَيتُ، فقَالَ: أَمَا تَرضَينَ أَن تَكُونِي سَيدَةَ نِسَاءِ أَهلِ الجَنةِ، أَو نِسَاءِ المُؤمِنِينَ. فَضَحِكتُ لِذَلِكَ

 

Narrated by ‘Aisha: “Once fatima came walking and her gait resembled the gait of the Prophet . The Prophet said, “Welcome, O my daughter!” Then he made her sit on his right or on his left side, and then he told her a secret and she started weeping. I asked her, “Why are you weeping?” He again told her a secret and she started laughing. I said, “I never saw happiness so near to sadness as I saw today.” I asked her what the Prophet had told her. She said, “I would never disclose the secret of Allah’s Apostle .” When the Prophet died, I asked her about it. She replied. “The Prophet said. ‘Every year Gabriel used to revise the Qur’an with me once only, but this year he has done so twice. I think this portends my death, and you will be the first of my family to follow.’ So I started weeping. Then he said. ’Don’t you like to be the leader of all the women of Paradise or the leader of all the lady believers?’ So for that I laughed.”

[English Reference: Volume 4, Book 56, Number 819]

 

A similar tradition:

 

6285

- حَدثَنَا مُوسَى، عَن أَبِي عَوَانَةَ، حَدثَنَا فِرَاسٌ، عَن عَامِرٍ، عَن مَسرُوقٍ، حَدثَتنِي عَائِشَةُ أُم المُؤمِنِيِنَ، قَالَت: إِنا كُنا أَزوَاجَ النبِي صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ عِندَهُ جَمِيعًا، لَم تُغَادَر مِنا وَاحِدَةٌ، فَأَقبَلَت فَاطِمَةُ عَلَيهَا السلاَمُ تَمشِي، لاَ وَاللهِ مَا تَخفَى مِشيَتُهَا مِن مِشيَةِ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ، فَلَما رَآهَا رَحبَ قَالَ: مَرحَبًا بِابنَتِي. ثُم أَجلَسَهَا عَن يَمِينِهِ أَو عَن شِمَالِهِ،  ثُم سَارهَا، فَبَكَت بُكَاءً شَدِيدًا، فَلَما رَأَى حُزنَهَا سَارهَا الثانِيَةَ، فَإِذَا هِيَ تَضحَكُ، فَقُلتُ لَهَا أَنَا مِ ن بَينِ نِسَائِهِ: خَصكِ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ بِالسر مِن بَينِنَا، ثُم أَنتِ تَبكِينَ، فَلَما قَامَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ سَأَلتُهَا: عَما سَاركِ؟ قَالَت: مَا كُنتُ لِأُفشِيَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ سِرهُ، فَلَما تُوُفيَ، قُلتُ لَهَا: عَزَمتُ عَلَيكِ بِمَا لِي عَلَيكِ مِنَ الحَق لَما أَخبَرتِنِي، قَالَت: أَما الآنَ فَنَعَم، فَأَخبَرَتنِي، قَالَت: أَما حِينَ سَارنِي فِي الأَمرِ الأَولِ، فَإِنهُ أَخبَرَنِي أَن جِبرِيلَ كَانَ يُعَارِضُهُ
بِالقُرآنِ كُل سَنَةٍ مَرةً، وَإِنهُ قَد عَارَضَنِي بِهِ العَامَ مَرتَينِ، وَلاَ أَرَى الأ جَلَ إِلا قَدِ اقتَرَبَ، فَاتقِي اللهَ وَاصبِرِي فَإِني نِعمَ السلَفُ أَنَا لَكِ. قَالَت: فَبَكَيتُ بُكَائِي الذِي رَأَيتِ، فَلَما رَأَى جَزَعِي سَارنِي الثانِيَةَ، قَالَ: يَا فَاطِمَةُ، أَلاَ تَرضَينَ أَن تَكُونِي سَيدَةَ نِسَاءِ المُؤمِنِينَ، أَو سَيدَ ةَ نِسَاءِ هَذِهِ الأُمة
صحيح البخاري

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- حدثَنَا أَبُو الوَلِيدِ، حَدثَنَا ابنُ عُيَينَةَ، عَن عَمرِو بنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنِ ابنِ أَبِي مُلَيكَةَ، عَنِ المِسوَرِ بنِ مَخ رمَةَ، أَن رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ، قَالَ : فَاطِمَةُ بَضعَةٌ مِني، فَمَن أَغضَبَهَا أَغضَبَنِي

[صحيح البخاري: 3714]

 

Narrated by Al-Miswar bin Makhrama: “Allah’s Apostle said, “Fatima is a part of me, so whoever angers her, has angered me.”

[English Reference: Volume 5, Book 57, Number 61]

 

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- حَدثَنَا أَبُو الوَلِيدِ، حَدثَنَا ابنُ عُيَينَةَ، عَن عَمرِو بنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنِ ابنِ أَبِي مُلَيكَةَ، عَنِ المِسوَرِ بنِ مَخرَمَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنهُمَا، أَن رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ، قَالَ: « فَاطِمَةُ بَضعَةٌ مِني، فَمَن أَغضَبَهَا أَغضَبَنِي


صحيح البخاري

 

Narrated by Al-Miswar bin Makhrama: “Allah’s Apostle said, “Fatima is a part of me, so whoever angers her, has angered me.”

[English Reference: Volume 5, Book 57, Number 111]

 

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حَدثَنَا قُتَيبَةُ، حَدثَنَا الليثُ، عَنِ ابنِ أَبِي مُلَيكَةَ، عَنِ المِسوَرِ بنِ مَخرَمَةَ، قَالَ: سَمِعتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَ لى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ يَقُولُ وَهُوَ عَلَى المِنبَرِ: إِن بَنِي هِشَامِ بنِ المُغِيرَةِ استَأذَنُوا فِي أَن يُنكِحُوا ابنَتَهُم عَلِي بنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، فَلاَ آذَنُ، ثُم لاَ آذَنُ، ثُم لاَ آذَنُ، إِلا أَن يُرِيدَ ابنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ أَن يُطَلقَ ابنَتِي وَيَنكِحَ ابنَتَهُم، فَإِنمَا هِيَ بَضعَةٌ مِني، يُرِيبُنِي مَا أَرَابَهَا، وَيُؤذِينِي مَا آذَاهَا


صحيح البخاري

 

Narrated by Al-Miswar bin Makhrama: “I heard Allah’s Apostle who was on the pulpit, saying, “Banu Hisham bin Al-Mughira have requested me to allow them to marry their daughter to Ali bin Abu Talib, but I don’t give permission, and will not give permission unless ‘Ali bin Abi Talib divorces my daughter in order to marry their daughter, because Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what she hates to see, and what hurts her, hurts me."

[English Reference: Volume 7, Book 62, Number 157]

 

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- حَدثَنَا يَحيَى بنُ بُكَيرٍ، حَدثَنَا الليثُ، عَن عُقَيلٍ، عَنِ ابنِ شِهَابٍ، عَن عُروَةَ، عَن عَائِشَةَ، أَن فَاطِمَةَ عَلَيهَا السلاَمُ، بِنتَ النبِي صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ أَرسَلَت إِلَى أَبِي بَكرٍ تَسأَلُهُ مِيرَاثَهَا مِن رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ مِما أَفَاءَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ بِالمَدِينَةِ، وَفَدَكٍ وَمَا بَقِيَ مِن خُمُسِ خَيبَرَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكرٍ: إِن رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ قَالَ: لاَ نُورَثُ، مَا تَرَكنَا صَدَقَةٌ إِنمَا يَأكُلُ آلُ مُحَمدٍ – صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ – فِي هَذَا المَالِ. وَإِني وَاللهِ لاَ أُغَيرُ شَيئًا مِن صَدَقَةِ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ  وَسَلمَ عَن حَالِهَا التِي كَانَ عَلَيهَا فِي عَهدِ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ، وَلَأَعمَلَن فِيهَا بِمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ. فَأَبَى أَبُو بَكرٍ أَن يَدفَعَ إِلَى فَاطِمَةَ مِنهَا شَيئًا، فَوَجَدَت فاطِمَةُ عَلَى أَبِي بَكرٍ فِي ذَلِكَ، فَهَجَرَتهُ فَلَم تُكَلمهُ حَتى تُوُفيَت، وَعَاشَت بَعدَ النبِي صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ سِتةَ أَشهُرٍ، فَلَما تُوُفيَت دَفَنَهَا زَوجُهَا عَلِي لَيلًا، وَلَم يُؤذِن بِهَا أَبَا بَكرٍ وَصَلى عَلَيهَا، وَكَانَ لِعَل ي مِنَ الناسِ وَجهٌ حَيَاةَ فَاطِمَةَ، فَلَما تُوُفيَتِ استَنكَرَ عَلِي وُجُوهَ الناسِ، فَالتَمَسَ مُصَالَحَةَ أَبِي بَكرٍ ومُبَايَعَتَهُ، وَلَم يَكُن يُبَايِعُ تِلكَ الأَشهُرَ، فَأَرسَلَ إِلَى أَبِي بَكرٍ: أَنِ ائتِنَا وَلاَ يَأتِنَا أَحَدٌ مَعَكَ، كَرَاهِيَةً لِمَحضَرِ عُمَرَ، فَقَالَ عُمَرُ: لاَ وَاللهِ لاَ تَدخُلُ عَلَيهِم وَحدَكَ، فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكرٍ: وَمَا عَسَيتَهُم أَن يَفعَلُوا بِي، وَاللهِ لآتِيَنهُم، فَدَخَلَ عَلَيهِم أَبُو بَكرٍ، فَتَشَهدَ عَلِي، فَقَالَ: إِنا قَد عَرَفنَا فَضلَكَ وَمَا أَعطَاكَ اللهُ [ص: 140 ]، وَلَم نَنفَس عَلَيكَ خَيرًا سَاقَهُ اللهُ إِلَيكَ، وَلَكِنكَ استَبدَدتَ عَلَينَا بِالأَمرِ، وَكُنا نَرَى لِقَرَابَتِنَا مِن رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ نَصِيبًا، حَتى فَاضَت عَينَا أَبِي بَكرٍ، فَلَما تَكَلمَ أَبُو بَكرٍ قَالَ : وَالذِي نَفسِي بِيَدِهِ لَقَرَابَةُ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ أَحَب إِلَي أَن أَصِلَ مِن قَرَابَتِي، وَأَما الذِي شَجَرَ بَينِي وَبَي نَكُم مِن هَذِهِ الأَموَالِ، فَلَم آلُ فِيهَا عَنِ الخَيرِ، وَلَم أَترُك أَمرًا رَأَيتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ يَصنَعُهُ فِيهَا إِلا صَنَعتُهُ، فَقَالَ عَلِي لِأَبِي بَكرٍ: مَوعِدُكَ العَشِيةَ لِلبَيعَةِ، فَلَما صَلى أَبُو بَكرٍ الظهرَ رَقِيَ عَلَى المِنبَرِ، فَتَشَهدَ، وَذكَرَ شَأنَ عَلِي وَتَخَلفَهُ عَنِ البَيعَةِ، وَعُذرَهُ بِالذِي اعتَذَرَ إِلَيهِ، ثُم استَغفَرَ وَتَشَهدَ عَلِي، فَعَظمَ حَق أَبِي بَكرٍ، وَحَدثَ: أَنهُ لَم يَحمِلهُ عَلَى الذِي صَنَعَ نَفَاسَةً عَل ى أَبِي بَكرٍ، وَلاَ إِنكَارًا لِلذِي فَضلَهُ اللهُ بِهِ، وَلَكِنا نَرَى لَنَا فِي هَذَا الأَمرِ نَصِيبًا، فَاستَبَد عَلَينَا، فَوَجَدنَا فِي أَنفُسِنَا، فَسُر بِذَلِكَ المُسلِمُونَ، وَقَالُوا: أَصَبتَ، وَكَانَ المُسلِمُونَ إِلَى عَلِي قَرِيبًا، حِينَ رَاجَعَ الأَمرَ المَعرُوفَ


صحيح البخاري

 

Narrated by ‘Aisha: “Fatima the daughter of the Prophet sent someone to Abu Bakr (when he was a caliph), asking for her inheritance of what Allah’s Apostle had left of the property bestowed on him by Allah from the Fai in Medina, and Fadak, and what remained of the Khumus of the Khaibar booty. On that, Abu Bakr said, “Allah’s Apostle said, “Our property is not inherited. Whatever we leave, is Sadaqa, but the family of (the Prophet) Muhammad can eat of this property.’ By Allah, I will not make any change in the state of the Sadaqa of Allah’s Apostle and will leave it as it was during the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle, and will dispose of it as Allah’s Apostle used to do.” So Abu Bakr refused to give anything of that to fatima. So she became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did not speak to him till she died. She remained alive for six months after the death of the Prophet. When she died, her husband ‘Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself. When fatima was alive, the people used to respect ‘Ali much, but after her death, ‘Ali noticed a change in the people’s attitude towards him. So Ali sought reconciliation with Abu Bakr and gave him an oath of allegiance. ‘Ali had not given the oath of allegiance during those months (i.e. the period between the Prophet’s death and fatima’s death). ‘Ali sent someone to Abu Bakr saying, “Come to us, but let nobody come with you,” as he disliked that ‘Umar should come, ‘Umar said (to Abu Bakr), “No, by Allah, you shall not enter upon them alone “ Abu Bakr said,“What do you think they will do to me? By Allah, I will go to them’ So Abu Bakr entered upon them, and then ‘Ali uttered Tashah-hud and said (to Abu Bakr), “We know well your preference and what Allah has given you, and we are not jealous of the good that Allah has bestowed upon you, but you did not consult us in the question of the rule and we thought that we have got a right in it because of our near relationship to Allah’s Apostle .” Thereupon Abu Bakr’s eyes flowed with tears. And when Abu Bakr spoke, he said, “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is to keep good relations with the relatives of Allah’s Apostle is dearer to me than to keep good relations with my own relatives. But as for the trouble which arose between me and you about his property, I will do my best to spend it according to what is good, and will not leave any rule or regulation which I saw Allah’s Apostle following, in disposing of it, but I will follow.” On that ‘Ali said to Abu Bakr, “I promise to give you the oath of allegiance in this after noon.” So when Abu Bakr had offered the Zuhr prayer, he ascended the pulpit and uttered the Tashah-hud and then mentioned the story of ‘Ali and his failure to give the oath of allegiance, and excused him, accepting what excuses he had offered; Then ‘Ali (got up) and praying (to Allah) for forgiveness, he uttered Tashah-hud, praised Abu Bakr’s right, and said, that he had not done what he had done because of jealousy of Abu Bakr or as a protest of that Allah had favored him with. ‘Ali added, “But we used to consider that we too had some right in this affair (of rulership) and that he (i.e. Abu Bakr) did not consult us in this matter, and therefore caused us to feel sorry.” On that all the Muslims became happy and said, “You have done the right thing.” The Muslims then became friendly with ‘Ali as he returned to what the people had done (i.e. giving the oath of allegiance to Abu Bakr).

[English Reference:  Volume 5, Book 59, Number 546]

 

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فَقَالَ لَهُمَا أَبُو بَكرٍ: سَمِعتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ يَقُولُ: لاَ نُورَثُ، مَا تَرَكنَا صَدَقَةٌ، إِنمَا يَأكُلُ آلُ مُحَمدٍ مِن هَذَا المَالِ. قَالَ أَبُو بَكرٍ: وَاللهِ لاَ أَدَعُ أَمرًا رَأَيتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلمَ يَصنَعُهُ فِيهِ إِلا صَنَعتُهُ، قَالَ: فَهَجَرَتهُ فَاطِمَةُ، فَلَم تُكَلمهُ حَتى مَاتَت


صحيح البخاري

 

Narrated by ‘Aisha: “Fatima and Al ‘Abbas came to Abu Bakr, seeking their share from the property of Allah’s Apostle and at that time, they were asking for their land at Fadak and their share from Khaibar. Abu Bakr said to them, “I have heard from Allah’s Apostle saying, ‘Our property cannot be inherited, and whatever we leave is to be spent in charity, but the family of Muhammad may take their provisions from this property.” Abu Bakr added, “By Allah, I will not leave the procedure I saw Allah’s Apostle following during his lifetime concerning this property.” Therefore Fatima left Abu Bakr and did not speak to him till she died.

[English Reference: Volume 8, Book 80, Number 718]

 

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Check English References at: www.sahih-bukhari.com


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Imam al-Mahdi in Sunni Books

 

Holy Prophet of Muslims saaww) said: "Al-Mahdi is one of us, the members of the household (Ahlul-Bayt)."

 

Sunni reference: Sunan Ibn Majah, V2, Tradition #4085

 

The Messenger of Allah said: "Al-Mahdi is one of the children of Fatimah (the Prophet’s daughter)."

 

Sunni reference:

1. Sunan Ibn Majah, V2, Tradition #4086

2. al-Nisa’i and al-Bayhaqi, and others as quoted in:

3. al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Ch. 11, section 1, p249

 

The Holliest Prophet (saaww) said: “We the children of Abd Al-Mutalib are the Masters of the inhabitants of Heaven: Myself, Hamza a.s, Ali a.s, Jafar a.s, Hasan a.s, Hussain a.s, and Al-Mahdi a.s.”

 

Sunni reference:

1. Sunan Ibn Majah, V2, Tradition #4087

2. al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, on the authority of Anas Ibn Malik

3. al-Daylami

4. al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Ch. 11, section 1, p245

 

“The Mahdi will appear in my Ummah. He will appear for a minimum of 7 or a maximum of 9 years; in that time, my Ummah will experience a bountiful favor like never before. It shall have a great abundance of food, of which it need not save anything, and the wealth at that time is in great quantities, such that if a man asks the Mahdi to give him some, and the Mahdi a.s. will say: Here! Take!”

 

Sunni reference: Sunan Ibn Majah, V2, Tradition #5083

 

The Holiest Prophet (saaww) said: “We (I and my family) are members of a household that Allah (SWT) has chosen for them the life of the Hereafter over the life of this world; and the members of my household (Ahlul-Bayt) shall suffer a great affliction and they shall be forcefully expelled from their homes after my death; then there will come people from the East carrying black flags, and they will ask for some good to be given to them, but they shall be refused service; as such, they will wage war and emerge victorious, and will be offered that which they desired in the first place, but they will refuse to accept it, until a man from my family (Ahlul-Bayt) appears to fill the Earth with justice as it has been filled with corruption. So whoever reaches that (time) aught to come to them even if crawling on the ice/snow.”

 

Sunni reference:

1. Sunan Ibn Majah, V2, Tradition #4082,

2. The History Tabari (Tareekh Tabari)

3. al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch. 11, section 1, pp 250-251

 

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In Sahih Muslim, in the Chapter of al-Fitan, there are some interesting traditions on what will happen in the last days of the world. Two of them are quoted below:

Abu Nadra reported: We were with the company of Jabir Ibn Abdillah… Jabir Ibn Abdillah kept quite for a while and then reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having said: “There would be a Caliph in the last (period) of my Ummah who would freely give handfuls of wealth to the people without counting it.” I said to Abu Nadra and Abu al-Ala: Do you mean Umar Ibn Abd al-Aziz? They said: NO, (he would be Imam Mahdi).

 

Sunni References:

1. Sahih Muslim, English version, v4, chapter MCCV, p1508, Tradition #6961

2. Sahih Muslim, Arabic version, Kitab al-Fitan, v4, p2234, Tradition #6

 

It is also narrated that the Holiest Prophet s.a.a.w.w said: “In the end of the time, my Ummah will undergo very hard affliction like never before, so that man can not find any way out. Then Allah will appear a person from my progeny, that is my Ahlul-Bayt, who will fill the earth with justice as it was filled with injustice. The inhabitants of the earth and the inhabitants of the heaven love him. The sky will bring down its water everywhere and the earth will bring all what it can offer and will become green all over.”

 

Sunni references:

1. al-Sahih fi al-Hadith, by al-Hakim, as quoted in:

2. al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Ch. 11, section 1, p250

 

The Last Messenger of Allah saaww said: "The world will not perish until a man among the Arabs appears whose name matches my name.”

Sunni reference: Sahih Tirmidhi, V9, P74

 

The Last Holy Messenger of Allah, saaww said: Mahdi from my family will bring about a revolution and will fill the world with justice and equity before which it was filled up with injustice and inequity.”

 

Sunni references:

1. Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, V1, P84

2. Jami’us Sagheer, by al-Suyuti, PP 2,160

3. al-Urful Vardi, by al-Suyuti, P2

4. Kanzul Ummal, V7 P186

5. Aqd al-Durar Fi Akhbaar al-Mahdi al-Muntazir, V12, Chapter 1,

6. al-Bayan fi Akhbar Sahib al-Zaman, By Ganji Shafi’i, Chapter 12

7. al-Fusool al-Muhimmah, by Ibn Sabbagh Maliki, Chapter 12

8. Arjahul Matalib, by Ubaidallah Hindi hanafi, P380

9. Muqaddimah, by Ibn Khaldoon, P266

 

One of the four Imams of Ahle Sunnah, Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal narrated that the Prophet (saaww) said: "Allah will bring out from concealment Mahdi from my Family and Progeny before the Day of Judgement, even if only one day were to remain in the life of the world, and he will spread on this earth justice and equity and eradicate tyranny and oppression.”

 

Sunni reference: Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v1, p99

 

A close version has also been narrated in Sunan Abu Dawud, English version, Ch. 36, Tradition #4270

narrated from Ali Ibn Abi Talib a.s.

Ibn Majah in his Sunan quotes Mohammad Ibn Hanafiyyah and Imam Ali saying that the Holy Prophet saws said: Mahdi is from our Ahlul-Bayt, no doubt Allah will enforce his appearance within a night (i.e., his coming is very unpredictable and is very sudden).”

 

Sunni reference:

Sunan Ibn Majah, V2, P269

Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, as quoted in:

al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Ch. 11, section 1, p250

 

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Enlightenment about the First Mahdi in the Books of the Sunnah:

 

There were many narrations in the books written by common people which mention the Imam Al-Mahdi who shall appear at the end of times, and narrations that seem in the surface to be ideologically in contradiction with what the scholars of the Jafari doctrine understood. Therefore, many jurists did not take into consideration those narrations, and did not even look at them, such as the narration stating that “Al-Mahdi has a name like mine and his father’s name is like my father’s”  The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: […It is there that He broke the tablets of Moses, the table and tribune of Solomon and the staff of Moses in one of its caverns. Moreover, there is not one cloud, coming from the east, west, south or from the direction of the Qiblah, which if it passed over the cavern did not shower the Mount with its blessings for what it has. Furthermore, it will soon be taken over by a man of my progeny, from my family, whose name is like mine, his father’s name is like my father’s and he, among all men will be the most to bear a striking resemblance to me, in appearance as in good morals.] [1]The Prophet (PBUH) said: [His name is like mine and his father’s name is like my father’s. He is from the progeny of my daughter Fatima, and Allah will reveal the Truth through them and suppress Falsehood with their swords. People will follow them earnest to be with them and fearing them. He said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) ceased crying, he said: O you people, rejoice for the promise of Allah is not broken and His judgment is not rejected for He is the Wise and All Aware. The victory of Allah is near. O Allah, these are my parents. Therefore, keep squalor away from them and purify them thoroughly. O Allah, take care of them, feed them, support them, stay with them, comfort them, do not humiliate them and make me Your vicegerent among them. You are capable of everything You desire.] [2] However, for the followers of the doctrine of the People of the House (AS), Imam Al Mahdi is known to be (Muhammad Bin Al-Hassan Bin Ali…(AS)) and his father’s name (AS) is not (Abdullah) or (the name of) any of the forefathers of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) from the prophets on the long-run, such as his saying, “I am the son of slaughtered Abdullah [3] and Ishmael.” The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: [Should the day of the Appearance arrive, I will be called upon from inside the Throne: “O Muhammad, you have Abraham the friend of Allah (AS) as your father and how good a father he will be! You also have Ali Bin Abi Talib (AS) as your brother and how good a brother he will be!] [4]. The narration then does not apply to the Imam (AS), but it may apply to the First Mahdi, if his father’s name is the name of one of the forefathers of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) from the prophets. In such case, the saying “His name is like my name and his father’s name is like my father’s” would apply to him. Moreover, the First Mahdi (AS) is the first believer in Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) in the time of his Appearance, which means that he shall be born at the end of times, a fact that is in compliance with what came in the doctrine of the common people. In their doctrine, the common people await the First Mahdi, the Mahdi who will be born at the end of times and who will have the same name as the Messenger of Allah and his father’s name will be the same as that of one of the Messenger’s forefathers. Therefore, the previous does not apply to Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) but applies to the First Mahdi from the progeny of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS). In this context as well, and since the outcry in the narrations of the commoners mentions the name of Al-Yamani and announces him as the successor, we should ask ourselves about this successor: whose successor is he? Ibn Hamaad narrated on page 103: [The Mahdi can only be from Quraish and the guardianship cannot be borne but by one from among them. Yet, he has ancestry and lineage in Yemen.] Also narrated on the authority of Ibn Hamaad, on page 109, as well as on the authority of Arta’a, on page 107: [They will convene and look for the one to whom they shall pledge allegiance. They will hear then a voice neither coming from a human nor from a Jinni saying: “Pledge allegiance to so-and-so”, by referring to his name. It will not say he is from this or that (progeny), but that he will be a Yemenite successor…] [5] Thus, Al-Yamani is the successor of Al-Mahdi (AS), a fact that is also in compliance with the statements of the People of the House (AS). Hence, the narrations reported by Sunnites and Shi’a converge.

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[1]- Sharh Al-Akhbar, by Judge An-Nu’man Al-Mughrabi, vol. 3, p. 386.

[2]- Al-Manaqeb, by Al-Muwaffaq Al-Khawarezmi, p. 62.

[3]- Abdullah is the father of the Messenger of Allah and to whom the tradition of Ishmael (AS) was passed.

[4]- ‘Uyoon Akhbar Reza (AS), by Sheikh As-Sadooq, vol. 1, p. 34.

[5]- Mu’jam Ahadith Al-Imam Al Mahdi(AS), by Sheikh Ali Al-Kurani Al-Aamili, vol.1, p. 299.


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Sunan Abi Dawood Chapter on al-Mahdi

 

“The Promised Deliverer (Kitab Al-Mahdi)”

 

(Chapter from Abu Dawoods’ Book ‘Sunan Abu Dawood’)


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Book 36, Number 4266:

Narrated Jabir ibn Samurah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: “The religion will continue to be established till there are twelve caliphs over you, and the whole community will agree on each of them.” I then heard from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) some remarks which I could not understand. I asked my father: What is he saying: He said: all of them will belong to Quraysh.
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Book 36, Number 4269:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: “If only one day of this world remained. Allah would lengthen that day (according to the version of Za’idah), till He raised up in it a man who belongs to me or to my family whose father’s name is the same as my father’s, who will fill the earth with equity and justice as it has been filled with oppression and tyranny (according to the version of Fitr).”

Sufyan’s version says: “The world will not pass away before the Arabs are ruled by a man of my family whose name will be the same as mine.
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Book 36, Number 4270:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: “If only one day of this time (world) remained, Allah would raise up a man from my family who would fill this earth with justice as it has been filled with oppression.”
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Book 36, Number 4271:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: “The Mahdi will be of my family, of the descendants of Fatimah.” Abdullah ibn Ja’far said: I heard AbulMalih praising Ali ibn Nufayl and describing his good qualities.
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Book 36, Number 4272:

Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The Mahdi will be of my stock, and will have a broad forehead a prominent nose. He will fill the earth will equity and justice as it was filled with oppression and tyranny, and he will rule for seven years.”
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Book 36, Number 4273:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: “Disagreement will occur at the death of a caliph and a man of the people of Medina will come flying forth to Mecca. Some of the people of Mecca will come to him, bring him out against his will and swear allegiance to him between the Corner and the Maqam. An expeditionary force will then be sent against him from Syria but will be swallowed up in the desert between Mecca and Medina. When the people see that, the eminent saints of Syria and the best people of Iraq will come to him and swear allegiance to him between the Corner and the Maqam. Then there will arise a man of Quraysh whose maternal uncles belong to Kalb and send against them an expeditionary force which will be overcome by them, and that is the expedition of Kalb. Disappointed will be the one who does not receive the booty of Kalb. He will divide the property, and will govern the people by the Sunnah of their Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and establish Islam on Earth. He will remain seven years, then die, and the Muslims will pray over him.”
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Book 36, Number 4276A:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

AbuIshaq told that Ali looked at his son al-Hasan and said: “This son of mine is a sayyid (chief) as named by the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), and from his loins will come forth a man who will be called by the name of your Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and resemble him in conduct but not in appearance. He then mentioned the story about his filling the earth with justice.”

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