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Who chooses the Successor?

Category: Sunni Published on 14 October 2012 Baqiyat Allah
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The Supremacy of Allah… Is it Allah or the People whom choose the Successor?

 

The Verses which prove the supremacy of Allah on His Earth:-

1. {Say, “O Allah , Owner of Rulership, You give Rulership to whom You will and You take Rulership away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humiliate whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat ‘Āli `Imrān (Family of Imran): 26}.

This verse clearly indicates that Rulership is for Allah, and He, the Glorious, takes whom He wills as a Successor. The Almighty said: {“Indeed, I will make upon the earth a Successor”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow): 30}. So it is not upon anyone, after this Verse, that he appoints a king, or elects a king, or ruler, unless he is appointed by Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty. And this ruler ship, or divine governance/supremacy, Allah gives it to whom He Wills, and it is not necessary that the king appointed by Allah actually rules, for perhaps he was forced and was pushed away from the helm of rulership, just as what occurred all along the lines during the journey of humanity. For Abraham (pbuh) did not rule, but rather Nimrod (May Allah Curse him) ruled, and Moses (pbuh) did not rule, but rather Pharaoh (May Allah Curse him) ruled, and Hussein (pbuh) did not rule, but rather Yazid (May Allah Curse him) ruled. And for this the Almighty said: {Or do they envy people for what Allah has given them of His bounty? But we had already given the family of Abraham the Scripture and wisdom and conferred upon them a great kingdom.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat An-Nisā’ (The Women): 54}, although the family of Abraham (pbut) had [already] been given rulership, and the divine governance/supremacy all along, however, they were oppressed and defeated and pushed away from the helm of ruler ship, and it was seized by the tyrants. So it must be that the people enable/empower the Successor of Allah on His Earth to [seize] the helm of leadership, for verily if they do not do so they would waste their fortune and anger their Lord..

Al-Sadiq (pbuh) said: “… Have you seen Allah saying: {which you could not [otherwise] have grown the trees thereof?} He is saying it is not upon you that you choose an imam (leader) by yourselves, calling him truthful by your own desires and wills.” Then Imam Al-Sadiq (pbuh) said: “There are three [types of people] whom Allah shall not speak to, nor shall He look towards them on the Day of Resurrection, nor shall He purify them, and for them is a painful torment/punishment, whomever grows trees [that] Allah did not grow, meaning, whomever appoints an Imam (leader) [whom] Allah did not appoint or disbelieved in whom Allah appointed.” [Tahaq Al 3qoul, p. 325]

2. The Story of Saul: {Have you not considered the assembly of the Children of Israel after [the time of] Moses when they said to a prophet of theirs, “Send to us a king, and we will fight in the way of Allah “?} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow): 246}.

And this group of righteous believers from the Children of Israel believe in the Supremacy of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, thus they did not appoint anyone, but rather they requested from Allah that He appoint for them a king, and this is the greatest evidence/proof regarding [the fact] that the divine law in all of the divine religions recognizes that the Ruler is appointed by Allah, not by the people through elections.

3. Indeed, I will make upon the Earth a Successor (Caliph): {And when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make
upon the earth a Caliph (Successor)”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow): 30}.

It must be that the Successor of Allah is the Ruler on the Earth, and the first Successor was Adam (pbuh), and for every age there is a Successor of Allah on His Earth, and in this age the Successor of Allah is the Mahdi (pbuh). So it must be that the people enable/empower him to rule, for verily he is the appointed one from Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty, not that he opposes by voting and democracy.

4. The Almighty said: {And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Mā’idah (The Table Spread): 45}. And the Almighty said: {And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the defiantly disobedient.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-Mā’idah (The Table Spread): 47}.

It is evident that the Ruler faces emerging issues/problems ([new matters]) in every age, and it must be that he has insight/guidance and special knowledge from Allah, by which he would know His, the Glorious, the Almighty, ruling in regards to the emerging/new issues. So how would other than the Successor of Allah rule by what Allah has sent down, for it is confirmed that it is not appropriate for anyone that he rules by what Allah has sent down except for the Successor of Allah on His Earth.

 

As for what denounces/invalidates the Supremacy of the people and voting, they are many

 

And this is one incident for those who listen while being present in mind ([while being heedful witnesses]):

The story of Moses (pbuh) with his people: {And Moses chose from his people seventy men for Our appointment. And when the earthquake seized them, he said, “My Lord, if You had willed, You could have destroyed them before and me [as well]. Would You destroy us for what the foolish among us have done? This is not but Your trial by which You send astray whom You will and guide whom You will. You are our Protector, so forgive us and have mercy upon us; and You are the best of forgivers.} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-’A`rāf (The Heights): 155}.

So here, Moses (pbuh), the infallible prophet, chose seventy men who were the best of the Children of Israel, they all disbelieved and rebelled against him and against the command of Allah, the Glorious, the Almighty. So if an infallible prophet, whom was Moses (pbuh), chose seventy men for a divine task and not one of them was deserving/worthy of this task, so then how can it be that the common people choose a ruler, or king, while perhaps they choose the most evil of Allah’s creation, while they are [of it] unaware.

 

And in these evidences/proofs are enough for whoever is requesting the truth

 

And whoever wants more, then the Qur’an is between his hands, it is calling loudly in the ears of the heedless.

{And We have already written in the book [of Psalms] after the [previous] mention that the Earth shall be inherited by My righteous servants. * And We have not sent you, except as a mercy to the worlds. * Say, “It is only revealed to me that your god is but one God; so will you be Muslims [in submission to Him]?” * But if they turn away, then say, “I have announced to [all of] you equally. And I know not whether near or far is that which you are promised. * Indeed, He knows what is declared of speech, and He knows what you conceal. * And I know not; perhaps it is a trial for you and enjoyment for a time.” * He has said, “My Lord, judge [between us] in truth. And our Lord is the Most Merciful, the one Whose help is sought against that which you describe.”} {The Holy Qur’an Surat Al-’Anbyā’ (The Prophets): 105 – 112}.

Read Ahmad Al Hassan’s (pbuh) book ‘For the Supremacy of God and Not for the Supremacy of the People’.

 

Hadith of the Saved Sect

Also – for those who reject/deny the Supremacy of Allah – they have narrations they use as evidence and they are in their books.

They say that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) said that ‘the truth is what I and my companions are upon today.’:

Abdullah ibn Amr said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: ‘My Ummah (Nation) shall face that which the Children of Israel faced step by step, even if one of them approached his mother in public there shall be in my Ummah one whom does that. And verily the Children of Israel were divided into seventy two sects and my Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one sect.’ It was said: ‘And who is it [that is the saved sect] O Messenger of Allah?’ He (pbuh) said: ‘What I and my companions are upon.’ Abu Isa said: ‘This Hadith (Tradition) is good, strange and explained, we do not know the likes of it except from this face. Sunan Tirmidhi’ 2641. The Link from the sources of Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama’a

[Narrated] from Abdullah ibn Amr, he said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: ‘My Ummah (Nation) shall face that which the Children of Israel faced, example by example, step by step, even if one of them approached his mother [sexually] in public there shall be the likes of him [that one] in my Ummah (Nation). Verily, the Children of Israel were divided into seventy one sects, and my Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one sect.’ So it was said to him: ‘Who is the one [saved sect]?’ So he (pbuh) said: ‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Mustadrak ‘Ala Al-Sahihayn, Pages 337, Hadith No. 455. The Link from the sources of Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama’a

[Narrated] from Anas ibn Malik, he said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said:‘My Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one.’ It was said: ‘And what is that group?’ He (pbuh) said:‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Mujama Al-Zawa’id wa Manba’ Al-Fawa’id, Page 189, 2 – 98 – 2, Hadith No. 899. The Link from the sources of Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama’a

[Narrated] from Anas ibn Malik, he said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said:‘This Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one.’ It was said: ‘And what is that group?’ He (pbuh) said:‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Al-Mu’jam Al-Awsat, Page 460, Hadith No. 4883. The Link from the sources of Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama’a

Tirmidhi and Al-Hakim and other than them narrated that Abdullah ibn Amr said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: ‘My Ummah (Nation) shall face that which the Children of Israel faced step by step, even if one of them approached his mother in public there shall be in my Ummah one whom does that. And verily the Children of Israel were divided into seventy two sects and my Ummah shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one sect.’ It was said: ‘And what is it [that is the saved sect] O Messenger of Allah?’ He (pbuh) said: ‘What I and my companions are upon.’ And from Al-Hakim, he said: ‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Sunin Al-Tirmidhi 5/26, Hadith No. 2641. Sharh Al Sunnah 1/213. Mushkat Al-Masabeeh 1/61, Hadith No. 171. Al-Mustadrak 1/128.

Albiqhi with his isnaad narrated from Abu Hurayra [who narrated] from the Prophet (pbuh) that he said: “The Jews were divided into seventy one or seventy two sects, and the Christians were divided into seventy one or seventy two sects, and my Ummah (Nation) shall be divided into seventy three sects.” And Haythami with his isnaad narrated from Anas ibn Malik [that] he said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: ‘My Ummah (Nation) shall be divided into seventy three sects, all of them shall be in Hell except for one.’ It was said: ‘And what is that group?’ He (pbuh) said: ‘What I and my companions are upon today.’ Al-Tibrani narrated it in Al-Sagheer.

So they consider it to be evidence for them, however, [in reality] it is evidence regarding the Supremacy of Allah. For that which the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) and his companions were upon was that he was the Successor of Allah, and his companions acknowledged/recognized him by this and believed in him. So the religion and the truth is what the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) and his companions were upon, and that is the Supremacy of Allah. Thus, this text is evidence [that] strongly condemns them.

 

And if they say how have you made [those narration] to mean the Supremacy of Allah, so we say contemplate:

 

He and his companions: What is it that he and his companions are upon? What is the matter [that is] between him and between his companions? Does he not say that he is the Messenger of Allah and his companions believe, or that he is something else? And [as for] being the Messenger of Allah: [This] means that he is the Successor of Allah on His Earth, or is the Successor of Allah in His Land is other than him?

* * *

 

The works of the brothers and sisters at Al-Mahdyoon, May Allah (swt) Shower His (swt) Blessings upon them:

http://almahdyoon.org/imam/adila/sunna/279-7akimiya

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